Freedom Fighters and Social Reformers

Complete Set of 4 nos of postage stamps on A. Vaidyanatha Iyer, Indulal Kanaiyalal Yagnik, Dr. Punjabrao Deshmukh & P. Kakkan :

1722 A. Vaidyanatha Iyer [India Stamp 1999]1724 Indulal Kanaiyalal Yagnik [India Stamp 1999]1723 Dr. Punjabrao Deshmukh [India Stamp 1999]1725 P. Kakkan [India Stamp 1999]

Issued by India

Issued on Dec 9, 1999

Issued for : The Department of Posts is happy to issue a set of stamps on these four distinguished sons of India.

Stamp Design : ISP Nashik (A. Vaidyanatha Iyer & Dr. Punjabrao Deshmukh), ISP Nashik based on material supplied by the Government of Gujarat (Indulal Kanaiyalal Yagnik) and Kamleshwar Singh (P. Kakkan).

Type : Stamps, Mint Condition

Watermark : No

Colour : One, Two, Two, Two Colour

Denomination : 300 Paise each

Stamp Overall Size : 3.91 x 2.90 cms.

Stamp Print Size : 3.55 x 2.54 cms.

Perforation : 13 x 13

Paper : Imported unwatermarked Adhesive Gravure Coated Stamp Paper in Sheets 50.8 x 53.5 cms.

Stamps Printed : 0.7 Million each in sheets of 35

Printing Process : Photogravure

Printers : India Security Press, Nashik

About : 

  • The Department of Posts issued a set of four stamps to pay homage to A. Vaidyanatha Iyer, Indulal Kanaiyalal Yagnik, Dr. Punjabrao Deshmukh and P. Kakkan, who apart from playing prominent roles in the Freedom Struggle, also made significant contribution through their reformist efforts towards building of the nation in the postindependence years in crucial socioeconomic and political spheres.
  • A. Vaidyanatha Iyer (1890-1955) threw himself in to the Freedom Struggle in 1922, influenced by Gandhiji. Playing active part in the Vedaranyam Salt Satyagraha of 1930, Quit India Movement of 1942 and many other movements, he had to spend many years in jail. He tirelessly campaigned for the development of Khadi and Village industries, prohibition, women’s welfare and removal of untouchability. In 1939, he led a group of representatives of the depressed classes who were traditionally denied entry inside temples into the famous Meenakshi temple of Madurai for offering prayers. This was an epoch making e vent which triggered immediate legislation for the temple-entry of Harijans. Gandhiji wrote in the Harijan in July, 1939 …..a great event in the campaign against untouchability……. Shri Vaidyanatha Iyer and his co-workers deserve all praise for the ceaseless effort they have put forth in educating the public”. He led a simple and austere life and never aspired for any power or post.
  • Indulal Kanaiyalal Yagnik (1892-1972), freedom fighter and social reformer, worked assiduously to organise and spread the message of Swadeshi and noncooperation movement. During the Kaira Satyagraha he played an active role, and along with Vallabhbhai Patel prepared a famine report of Gujarat. In 1919, be organised famine relief work and joined the campaign to oppose Rowlatt Act. Propagation of education, organising of farmer’s movements and development of the cooperative sector were issues close to his heart. He was a votary of the concept of a separate state of Gujarat, which later on became a reality. He also advocated industrial development of the country on modern lines. Since 1957, he continued to represent the Ahmedabad constituency in the Lok Sabha till his death in 1972.
  • Dr. Punjabrao Deshmukh (1898-1965) contributed immensely to the emancipation of rural India, through pioneering reform in education, agriculture and social work. Dr. Deshmukh served as Minister for Agriculture, in the Union Government for ten years. During his lifetime he ceaselessly worked for the welfare and development of farmers. One of the most imaginative steps taken by him was the foundation of the Bharat Krishak Samaj, to champion the cause of farmers. During his lifetime he continued to be the President of this organisation. Shri Shivaji Education Society, which Dr. Deshmukh founded, has brought within the reach of poor students, the benefits of higher education. 1999 was celebrated as the birth centenary year of Bhausaheb, as Dr. Punjabrao Deshmukh was affectionately known.
  • P. Kakkan (1909-1981) was drawn during his schooldays to the freedom movement, inspired by Gandhiji. For his participation in the QuitIndia movement he underwent imprisonment at Alipur jail. He spearheaded the movement for temple entry of Harijans at Madurai in 1939 along with A. Vaidyanatha Iyer. He served the Indian National Congress in various capacities at the Taluk, District, State and National levels. For nearly 15 years he served as a minister in the State of Tamil Nadu, holding different portfolios. His major contributions included construction of the Mettur and Vaigai reservoirs and establishment of two Agricultural Universities. He is also remembered for the formation of Harijan Seva Sangh in different parts of Tamil Nadu which are doing yeomen service even now. He was a member of the Constituent Assembly.
  • Text: Based on Dictionary of National Biography edited by S. P. Sen (Indulal Kanaiyalal Yagnik) and material supplied by sponsors (A. Vaidyanatha Iyer, Dr. Punjabrao Deshmukh and P. Kakkan)

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