A Miniature Sheet consisting of 5 nos. of commemorative postage stamp on Eminent Authors of India :
Issued by India
Issued on May 31, 2017
Issued for : To commemorate the spirit and role of Literature in the society, the Department of Posts is bringing out 5 stamps, and one Miniature Sheet on 5 authors.
Stamps/Miniature Sheet/FDC/Brochure/Cancellation Cachet : Sh. Brahm Prakash
Type : Miniature Sheet, Mint Condition
Colour : Multi Colour
Denomination : 1000 Paise (5)
Stamps Printed : 301590 each
Miniature Sheet Printed : 0.1 million
Printing Process : Wet Offset
Printer : Security Printing Press, Hyderabad
Name : Krishan Chander Chopra
Born on 23 Nov, 1914 at Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India
Died on 8 Mar, 1977 at Mumbai, India
Name : Bhisham Sahni
Born on 8 Aug, 1915 at Rawalpindi, British India [now Punjab, Pakistan]
Died on 11 Jul, 2003 at Delhi, India
Name : Sri Lal Sukla
Born on 31 Dec, 1925 at Atrauli, Aligarh district, Uttar Pradesh, India
Died on 28 Oct, 2011 at Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
Name : Kuppali Venkatappa Puttappa
Born on 29 Dec, 1904 at Hirekodige, Koppa Taluk, Chikkamagaluru District, Kingdom of Mysore [now Karnataka, India]
Died on 11 Nov, 1994 at Mysore, Karnataka, India
Name : Balwant Gargi
Born on 4 Dec, 1916 at Bathinda, Punjab, India
Died on 22 Apr, 2003 at Mumbai, India
- Literature is one of the major contributory factors in the nation building. It acts a cultural binding force and works as an evocative medium to boost up the moral of the people in the times of crises. Literature is the vehicle through which people’s culture is transmitted. Department of Posts is bringing stamps on five such authors who have contributed significantly in this arena.
- Krishan Chander is considered as one of the great pillars of the Progressive Writers’ Association and one of the leading short story writers of the Indian subcontinent in the second half of the 20th century. Krishan Chander belonged to a family originally hailing from Wazirabad, now in Pakistani Punjab. He was born in Bharatpur, Rajasthan in 1914. His father was a doctor, who later shifted to Jammu and Kashmir as physician of Maharaja of Poonch. His work “Mitti ke Sanam” recounts his childhood memories of Kashmir. Krishan Chander not only produced an astonishing oeuvre of about 30 collections of short stories and 20 novels, but was also a brilliant essayist and involved in the film industry.
- Chander was also one of those few to realise the progressive ideals in literature. He believed in the ascendancy of a socialist society and throughout his life dedicated his efforts to help the marginalised, the peasants and the workers, as well as writers and artists.
- Krishan Chander’s creative life can be understood as having passed through three phases. In 1939 he was in the grip of romantic ideas; from 1940 onwards he makes it a priority to encapsulate the realities of life in his work and from 1945, he begins to be influenced by the great wars of national liberation against colonialism in India and across the world.
- He was awarded Padma Bhushan in 1969 as the most respected and eminent Urdu writer. He was also honoured with ‘Soviet land Nehru Award’ by then Soviet Government for his contribution to literature. He passed away on 8th March 1977 in Mumbai.
- Another author on which the stamp is being brought out is Bhisham Sahni. Bhisham Sahni was one of the most prolific writers of Hindi literature. He was born on 8 August 1915 in Rawalpindi. His immense popularity was a reward for his literary merits – his sharp wit, his gentle irony, his all-pervasive humour, his penetrating insight into character, his mastery as raconteur, and his profound grasp of the yearnings of the human heart. With his high-spirits and passion for life of the common people, he travelled through villages and towns of Punjab with the Indian People’s Theatre Association (IPTA) theatre group in 1948; then began to teach to earn a living; and then lived in the USSR for seven years as a Hindi translator. This sprawling reservoir of experience collected in the hustle-bustle of various occupations ultimately filtered down into his stories and novels. The ‘simplicity’ of his work comes from hard layers of experience.
- He is known as a progressive writer, influenced by Marxism, and yet he does not seem to be engrossed with political themes. He explores the human condition with kindness and understanding.
- Bhisham Sahni’s last published book, was an autobiography with the title Aaj Ke Ateet (The Pasts of the Present). He was associated with several literary and cultural organizations. He was General Secretary of the All India Progressive Writers Association (1975-85) and Acting General Secretary of the Afro–Asian Writers Association and was also associated with the editing of their journal Lotus.
- He was awarded the Padma Bhushan for literature in 1998 for his contribution in Literature. He passed away on 11 July 2003.
- The stamp is being brought out on Pandit Shrilal Shukla. Born on 31 December 1925 in Atrauli, Uttar Pradesh, Shrilal Shukla was a famous Hindi writer, notable for his satire. He has written over 25 books, including Raag Darbari, Makaan, Sooni Ghaati Ka Sooraj, Pehla Padaav and Bisrampur Ka Sant. He worked as a Provincial Civil Services (PCS) officer for the state government of Uttar Pradesh, later inducted into the IAS.
- Shukla has highlighted the falling moral values in the Indian society in the post-independence era through his novels. His writings expose the negative aspects of life in rural and urban India in a satirical manner. His best known work Raag Darbari has been translated into English and 15 Indian languages. It is one of those books whose popularity and literary status continues to go up and up with the passage of time. A television serial based on this continued for several months on the national network in the 1980s. It is a little-known fact that he also wrote a detective novel entitled Aadmi Ka Zahar which was serialised in the weekly magazine ‘Hindustan’.
- Shukla received the Jnanpith Award, the highest Indian literary award, in 2011. His first major award was the Sahitya Akademi Award for his novel Raag Darbari in 1969. He received the Vyas Samman award in 1999 for the novel Bisrampur Ka Sant. In 2008, he was awarded the Padma Bhushan for his contribution to Indian literature and culture. He passed away on 28 October 2011.
- The fourth stamp is on K V Puttappa. Kuppali Venkatappa Puttappa (29 December 1904 – 11 November 1994), popularly known by the pen name Kuvempu or by K. V. Puttappa, was born in Chikmagalur district of Karnataka. He was a Kannada novelist, poet, playwright, critic and thinker, who penned the State anthem Jaya Bharata Jananiya Tanujate. He is widely regarded as the greatest Kannada poet of the 20th century. Kuvempu began his literary work in English and later shifted to Kannada. His major work in English is a collection of poems called the Beginner’s Muse. He was the forbearer of the idea that education should be provided in children’s mother tongues and in his pursuit he opened the Institute of Kannada Studies in Mysore University.
- Kuvempu was actively against the caste system and many of his writings reflected his views. He is considered to be one of the major contributors to the modernist literary movement in Kannada literature. His writings and his contribution to “Universal Humanism” gives him a unique place in modern Indian literature. His major achievement was his extremely different take on the characters of Ramayana written by Valmiki, which fetched him the honor of being the first Kannada writer to be decorated with the prestigious Jnanpith Award. His epic narrative Sri Ramayana Darshanam, is regarded as the revival of the era of Mahakavya (Great Epic poetry) in contemporary form and charm. Besides Jnanpith, Kuvempu has also won the Padma Bhushan, Sahitya Academy Award, Padma Vibhushan and recently the Karnataka Ratna awards.
- The Department is bringing out stamp on Professor Balwant Gargi. Shri Balwant Gargi, playwright, director, theatre personality, novelist, teacher and chronicler of folk theatre, was among the pioneers of playwriting in Punjabi. He was born on 4 December 1916 in Bhatinda Punjab. He was founder Professor Director of the Department of Indian Theatre which was founded in 1972 by the Punjab University Chandigarh. The establishment of the Department was the culmination of the years of creativity that began from Gargi’s years of study at Government College Lahore. He completed his M.A. (English) and M.A. (Political Science) from FC College in Lahore. He also studied theatre with pioneering theatre personality Norah Richards at her school in Kangra Valley, from which emerged the famous names of Panjabi drama, including Ishwar Chandra Nanda, Gurcharan Singh and Gargi himself. His interaction with Richards gave him an insight into the realistic theatre of Henrik Ibsen as well as the Irish playwright Synge. From studying the work of these two masters, he got an understanding of the inner impulses and motivations to how to create living and palpable characters for the stage.
- For subject matter Gargi moved freely over social milieu, mythology, history, and folklore. In the composition and performance of his dozen full-length plays and five collections of one-act drama, he traveled from the realistic to the mythopoeic mode. Balwant Gargi taught for two years (1966-67) at the University of Washington, where he met his wife Jeanne Henry. This period was the basis of his autobiography The Naked Triangle. The Naked Triangle brought him to the forefront of cosmopolitan attention. Balwant Gargi was among the pioneers of playwriting in Punjabi and the production and telecast of his plays like Sanjha Chulha on Doordarshan received countrywide appreciation.
- Gargi was awarded the Sahitya Academy award, the highest Indian literary award, in 1962 for his book Rang Manch. This was followed by the Padma Shri and the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in Punjabi Playwriting. Gargi is one of the few artists to win both the Sahitya Akademi and Sangeet Natak Akademi awards. He passed away on 22 April 2003.
- Text : Based on the material available on internet.