A commemorative postage stamp on the Birth Centenary of Abul Kalam Azad :
Issued by India
Issued on Nov 11, 1988
Type : Stamp, Postal Used
Colour : Multicolour
Denomination : 60 Paise
Overall size : 5.8 x 3.32 cms.
Printing size : 5.33 x 2.88 cms.
Perforation : 13 x 13
Paper : Imported unwatermarked adhesive gravure coated stamp paper
Number Printed : 10,00,000
Number per issue sheet : 18
Printing Process : Photogravure
Printed : India Security Press
Name : Abul Kalam Muhiyuddin Ahmed Azad
Born on Nov 11, 1888 at Makkah, Hejaz Vilayet, Ottoman Empire [now Saudi Arabia]
Died on Feb 22, 1958 at Delhi, India
- The Swadeshi movement in Bengal deeply influenced the patriotic Azad and he associated himself with the revolutionaries of the province. In 1912 he started the Urdu weekly Al Hilal to propagate nationalist ideas. He was forced to stop publishing the journal, for seditious writings, but the Maulana started another weekly the Al–Balagh in 1915 and faced internment at Ranchi in Bihar. On release in 1920, he came in close contact with Gandhiji and became prominent among those who supported his Non–Cooperation programme. From this time onwards till Independence he remained in the forefront of each subsequent movement and often suffered imprisonment.
- Chief of the Khilafat Committee, the Maulana was also elected President of the special session of the Congress at Delhi in 1923. He also presided over the Jamiat–ul–Ulema and Nationalist Muslim Conference in 1924 and 1929.
- When the Congress accepted office in 1937, the Maulana, as a member of its Parliamentary Board, guided the working of the Congress ministries. From 1940 to 1946 he was again elected President of the Congress. Under his presidentship the historic Quit India resolution was passed at Bombay. Subsequently he was arrested along with other leaders and detained in the Ahmadnagar Fort. On release in 1945, he participated in the Simla Conference and later led the negotiations with the British Cabinet Mission.