Complete set of 4 nos. of commemorative postage stamps on Mountain Locomotives :
Issued by India
Issued on Apr 16, 1993
- 100p : Steam Locomotive, ML 1905 at Neral – Matheran Railway
- 600p : Steam Locomotive, B 1885 at Darjeeling – Himalayan Railway
- 800p : Steam Locomotive, X 1914 at Nilgiri Mountain Railway
- 1100p : Steam Locomotive, ZF 1934 at Kalka – Simla Railway
Design Credits :
Stamps : Pasricha
First Day Cover : Shankha Samantha
The Cancellation design prepared by Merv in Alexander, ADG (Phil) is based on Richard Trevithick’s pioneer locomotive “Catch me who can”, which was run in a circular track laid in Euston Square London in the year 1808.
Type : Stamps, Postal Used
Colour : Multi Colour
Denomination : 100, 600, 800 & 1100 Paise
Overall size : 3.91 x 2.90 cms.
Printing size : 3.55 x 2.54 cms.
Perforation : 13 x 13
Paper : Imported un W/M gravure coated gummed stamp paper in sheets 50.8 x 53.5 cms.
Number Printed : 1.00 million Stamps
Printing Process : Photogravure
Printed : India Security Press
- Nilgiri Hill Railway Line : The train begins its upward journey from Mettupalyam and takes 4 hours to cover 52 kms. and reach Ooty. This line was constructed between 1885 and 1908 and has a maximum gradient of 1 in 23. The earlier steam locomotive had a rack and pinion system of holding them on steep gradients and came from Beyer Peacock Co. of Manchester in 1908 and later from North British Locomotives Co. of Glasgow. Later, Rack and Adhesion 0-8-2 (XI) and 0-8-2 (X) types of steam locomotives were supplied by Swiss Locomotive Works between 1940 and 1952.
- Darjeeling Himalayan Railways : It starts at Newjalpaiguri and reaches Darjeeling after covering a distance of 88 kms. Its gauge is 610 mm and maximum gradient is 1 in 25 with many loops as sharp as 18m radius. Thus it turns 540 degrees or 1½ completed turns at Batasia Loop. The maximum height achieved is 2258 m at Ghum. The steam locomotives are called ‘B’ class 0-4-0 saddle and well tank type, most of them came from Britain between 1889 and 1925, and this is the only mountain railway on Indian Railways where steam locomotives are still in use.
- Text : Compiled by Mervin Alexander, Asst. Dir. General – Philately.