Complete Set of 8 nos. of commemorative postage stamp on the legendary personalities of Bihar, an Indian Province :
Issued by India
Issued on Dec 26, 2016
Issued for : Department of Posts is pleased to release a set of eight Commemorative Postage Stamps on Personality Series: Bihar.
Stamp / FDC / Brochure / Cancellation Cachet : Smt. Nenu Gupta & Smt. Alka Sharma
Type : Stamps, Mint Condition
Watermark : No
Colour : Multi Colour
Denomination : 500 Paise each
Stamps Printed : 2.0 Lakh each
Printing Process : Wet Offset
Printer : Security Printing Press, Hyderabad
- Dr. Sachchidananda Sinha (November 10, 1871 – March 6, 1950) was one of the eminent and noted parliamentarian, educationist, lawyer and journalist of India. He was born in Arrah, in Bihar in a well-to-do Kayastha family. He studied Law at London to become a Barrister. He was hardly in his twenties, when he launched the movement for a separate Bihar, soon after returning from England in the year 1891-92. His dream came true in 1911 when Bihar and Orissa came into existence as provinces separate from Bengal at the famous Delhi Durbar.
He was a member of the Imperial Legislative Council from 1910 to 1920 and the Indian Legislative Assembly. He was Deputy President of the Assembly in 1921. He also held the office of the President in the Bihar and Orissa Legislative Council. He was appointed Executive Councillor and Finance Member of the Government of Bihar and Orissa, and, thus, was the first Indian to be appointed as a Finance Member of a Province. Later, he worked as a member of the Bihar Legislative Assembly. In 1946, he was made the Interim President of the Constituent Assembly of India. Dr. Sinha also distinguished himself as a journalist. He was the publisher of the Indian Nation and editor of Hindustan Review. He wrote rich biographical sketches of his eminent contemporaries from Bihar and the rest of India which were later published in two volumes: 1) Some Eminent Behar Contemporaries and 2) Some Eminent Indian Contemporaries, which was published in year 1944. He was the Vice-Chancellor of Patna University from 1936 to 1944.
- Karpoori Thakur (1920 – 1988), was born in Samastipur District of Bihar. He was popularly known as Jan Nayak (“the people’s leader”). As a student activist, he left his graduate college to join the Quit India Movement and spent 26 months in prison while participating in the Indian independence movement. In the early days after Independence, Shri Thakur served as a Teacher in the Middle School of his Village. He was interested and involved in various public causes, particularly those relating to upliftment and social equality of weaker sections of the society. He became a member of the Bihar Vidhan Sabha in 1952. He was arrested for leading P & T employees during the general strike of the Central Government employees in 1960. In 1970, he undertook a fast unto death for 28 days to promote the cause of Telco labourers. Shri Thakur served as a minister and as Deputy Chief Minister of Bihar, before becoming the Chief Minister of Bihar in 1970. He served as the Chief Minister of Bihar from December 1970 to June 1971, and then from December 1977 to April 1979. He enforced total prohibition of alcohol in Bihar. During his tenure, many schools and colleges were established in his name in the backward areas of Bihar. Shri Thakur was a strong votary of Hindi language. He served as the President of Samyukta Socialist Party. A socialist leader, Shri Karpoori Thakur was known as a champion of the cause of the poor and underprivileged.
- Dashrath Manjhi (1934 – 17 August 2007), also known as “Mountain Man”, was a poor labourer in Gehlaur village, near Gaya in Bihar, India, who carved a path through a 360 ft long, 30 ft wide and 25 ft high hillock using only a hammer and chisel. After 22 years of work, Dashrath shortened travel between the Atri and Wazirganj blocks of Gaya town from 55km to 15km.
Dashrath Manjhi was inspired to take up this enormous task when one day while crossing Gehlour hills to bring him lunch, his wife slipped and fell seriously injuring herself. Due to non-availability of urgent medical attention, she eventually died. Manjhi was deeply disturbed by this and that very night he decided to carve a path through the Gehlour hills so that his village could have easier access to medical facilities. He worked tirelessly and completed the work of carving a path through a hillock in 23 years. His monumental efforts resulted in making life easier for the people of his village. Dashrath Manjhi died at the age of 73.
- Vidyapati (1352 – 1448), also known by the sobriquet Maithil Kavi Kokil (the poet cuckoo of Maithili) was a Maithili poet and a Sanskrit writer. He was born in the village Bisfi in Madhubani district of Mithila Region of India. He was son of Ganapati. The name Vidyapati is derived from two Sanskrit words, Vidya (knowledge) and Pati (master), connoting thereby, a man of knowledge. He is known for his works in Sanskrit and erotic poetry written in Maithili Language. Vidyapati is also well known for his poetry dedicated to Lord Shiva. He composed several songs in the form of Nacharis and Maheshbanis to please the Lord. It is said that, impressed with the devotion and the poetic creativity of the poet, Lord Shiva came to him in the disguise of a cowherd boy called “Ugna”. The place where Ugna appeared before the poet is now known as “Ugnasthan”. The devotional songs composed by Vidyapati are still sung in Mithila and form an important part of the folk lore.
Vidyapati’s poetry was widely influential in centuries to come, in Hindustani, Bengali, Maithili, and other Eastern literary traditions. Vidyapati died in the Janakpur area of Mithila Region of Nepal while in exile.
- Kailashpati Mishra (5 October 1923 – 3 November 2012) was an Indian politician. He was a leader of the Bharatiya Janta Party (BJP), a former Governor of Gujarat, and for a short duration, Governor of Rajasthan. He was born in Dudharchak, Buxar, into a Bhumihar family. While studying in class X, he was arrested for picketing at the main gate of his school at Buxar in support of 1942 Quit India Movement. He was affiliated with the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh from 1944 onwards, and was jailed after the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi. He took part in the Quit India Movement in 1942 and was arrested for the same. He won the Assembly election for Bikram Patna and served as Finance Minister in the government of Bihar. In 1980, he became the first Bharatiya Janta Party (BJP) Bihar president. He also served as BJP national Vice President from 1995 to 2003. Known as the Bhishma Pitamaha of the BJP in Bihar, Shri Mishra was away from direct political activities for over two years before his death, but remained a source of inspiration for the party. Shri Kailashpati Mishra died on 3 November 2012 in Patna, Bihar.
- Kunwar Singh (1777 – 1858) belonged to a royal Ujjaini house of Jagdispur, currently a part of Bhojpur district of Bihar in India. He belonged to the Ujjainiya Rajput clan. He is known as one of the most important freedom fighters who led the Indian Rebellion of 1857 in Bihar. He was nearly eighty and in failing health when he was called upon to take up arms. When the call to fight came, Kunwar Singh plunged into the thick of it and battled against the British forces for nearly a year with grim determination and undaunted courage. He was an expert in the art of guerrilla warfare. Kunwar Singh assumed command of the soldiers who had revolted at Danapur on 5th July 1857. Two days later he occupied Arrah, the district headquarters. However, Major Vincent Eyre relieved the town on 3 August, defeated Kunwar Singh’s forces, and destroyed Jagdishpur. It is believed that while crossing the Ganga River on his way to Jagdishpur he was wounded in the arm by the pursuing forces and the old warrior severed the injured limb and flung it into the Ganga. In his last battle, fought on 23 April 1858, near Jagdishpur, the troops under the control of the East India Company were completely routed. Despite being injured, Veer Kunwar Singh fought bravely against the British Army and with the help of his men, he drove away the British Army. He returned to his palace on 23 April 1858 and died soon after on 26 April 1858.
- Phanishwar Nath Renu was one of the most successful and influential writers of modern Hindi literature. Popularly known as Renu, he not only one of the great Hindi writers but also a freedom fighter, memoirist, an active political and social activist. He is best known for promoting the voice of the contemporary rural India through the genre of ‘Aanchalik Upanyas’ (Regional Story), and is placed amongst the pioneering Hindi writers who brought regional voices into the mainstream Hindi literature. Phanishwar Nath ‘Renu’ was born on 4th March 1921, at small village of Purnea district (Now Araria district) in state of Bihar in a middle class farmer family. He did his Matriculation from, Nepal and gained higher education from Banaras Hindu University. In 1942 he left his studies and took part in the Indian Freedom Struggle. He also spent three-year rigorous imprisonment in Bhagalpur Jail. He participated in the Nepali revolutionary movement against the Nepal Monarchy in 1950 which resulted in the establishment of democracy in Nepal.
He has also penned a number of short stories, poems, memories and travelogues. His first novel “Maila Anchal” was published in 1954, which is considered a masterpiece of Hindi literature. Renu portrayed the culture, the characters and the narrative of Mithila with amazing sensitivity in Hindi literature for the first time. The novel radically changed the structure and narrative style in Hindi novels. The distinct feature in the novel is that it does not possess a structured plot or story in the conventional sense. For the first time the National Canvas illustrated the regional flavors and nuances, highlighting the richness and the life force, which only diversity can bring in.
Phanishwar Nath ‘Renu’ was awarded one of India’s highest civilian honours, the Padma Sri in 1910 which he returned later in protest of proclamation of Emergency.
- Sri Krishna Sinha was born in 21st October, 1887 in Khanwa, Bihar. He received his early education from Zilla School in Monghyr. He displayed his capability as a leader in his school days itself. After obtaining Law Degree from Patna University, he started legal practise at Munger in 1915. He avowed to work relentlessly to free India from the English. He left his legal practice in 1921 to take active part in Mahatma Gandhi’s non co–operation movement. As his fame spread around Bihar, people began calling him ‘Bihar Kesari’. He was arrested and imprisoned in 1922 by the British Government. He was released after eight years and played an important role in ‘Namak Satyagrah’ at Garhpura. Under the Act of 1935, Sri Krishna Sinha formed his Cabinet Patna on 20th July, 1937. As he disagreed with the Governor on the issue of the release of political prisoners, he resigned. The Governor had to give in finally and Sri Krishna Sinha resumed his office. But he again resigned in 1939 over the question of involving India in the Second World War without the consent of the Indian people. Impressed by this courage of Dr. Sinha, Mahatma Gandhi in 1940 called the “first Satyagrahi of Bihar”. In 1946, Sri Krishna Sinha was elected as the Chief Minister of Bihar and he served till 1961. He was also selected as the member of the Constituent Assembly of India. He passed away on 31st January 1961.
- Text: Based on the material available on internet.