Rani Gaidinliu

A commemorative postage stamp on Rani Gaidinliu (Queen of the Nagas), daughter of the hills :

1503 Rani Gaidinliu [India Stamp 1996]Issued by India

Issued on Sep 12, 1996

Type : Stamp, Mint Condition

Watermark : No

Colour : Single Colour

Denomination : 100 Paise

Printer : India Security Press

Name : Gaidinliu

Born on Jan 26, 1915 at Nungkao, Manipur, British India

Died on Feb 17, 1993 at Longkao, Manipur, India

About : 

  • Rani Gaidinliu was born on January 26, 1915 at Nungkao village, district Tamenglong of Manipur State. Her political career started when she was barely thirteen years of age. She came in contact with the well-known political and spiritual leader of the Nagas, Haipau Jadonang who launched a movement to drive out the British from Manipur. When Jadonang was hanged by the British on 29 August, 1931, Gaidinliu took over his mantle and exhorted her followers to fight against the British, saying We are a free people, the white men should not rule over us, we will not pay house tax to the Government, will not obey their unjust laws like forced labour and compulsory poster subscription.
  • Her movement had socio-religious and political aims. She wanted to preserve the traditional Naga culture. Her political programme was strongly influenced by the preachings of Mahatma Gandhi. The British Government tried to suppress her movement by carrying out house to house search for arresting her, which forced her to change her name to Dilenliu. While constructing a wooden fortress to fight against the British, the British army made a surprise attack on her position and captured her on 17 October, 1932. Thereafter she was sentenced to life imprisonment.
  • In 1937, when Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru visited Assam, he learnt about Gaidinliu and her movement and was impressed by her indomitable spirit and struggle against the British Government. Shocked that the young girl of 22 suffered so much he commented, …..what torment and suppression of spirit they have brought to her, who in the pride of her youth dared to challenge an empire. He, while acclaiming her valour and her achievements, described her as the ‘Rani of the Nagas’. He championed her cause in British Parliament through Lady Astory to obtain her release, but in vain.

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