A commemorative postage stamp on Rani Gaidinliu (Queen of the Nagas), daughter of the hills :
Issued by India
Issued on Sep 12, 1996
Type : Stamp, Mint Condition
Watermark : No
Colour : Single Colour
Denomination : 100 Paise
Printer : India Security Press
Name : Gaidinliu
Born on Jan 26, 1915 at Nungkao, Manipur, British India
Died on Feb 17, 1993 at Longkao, Manipur, India
- Rani Gaidinliu was born on January 26, 1915 at Nungkao village, district Tamenglong of Manipur State. Her political career started when she was barely thirteen years of age. She came in contact with the well-known political and spiritual leader of the Nagas, Haipau Jadonang who launched a movement to drive out the British from Manipur. When Jadonang was hanged by the British on 29 August, 1931, Gaidinliu took over his mantle and exhorted her followers to fight against the British, saying “We are a free people, the white men should not rule over us, we will not pay house tax to the Government, will not obey their unjust laws like forced labour and compulsory poster subscription“.
- Her movement had socio-religious and political aims. She wanted to preserve the traditional Naga culture. Her political programme was strongly influenced by the preachings of Mahatma Gandhi. The British Government tried to suppress her movement by carrying out house to house search for arresting her, which forced her to change her name to “Dilenliu“. While constructing a wooden fortress to fight against the British, the British army made a surprise attack on her position and captured her on 17 October, 1932. Thereafter she was sentenced to life imprisonment.
- In 1937, when Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru visited Assam, he learnt about Gaidinliu and her movement and was impressed by her indomitable spirit and struggle against the British Government. Shocked that the young girl of 22 suffered so much he commented, “…..what torment and suppression of spirit they have brought to her, who in the pride of her youth dared to challenge an empire.“ He, while acclaiming her valour and her achievements, described her as the ‘Rani of the Nagas’. He championed her cause in British Parliament through Lady Astory to obtain her release, but in vain.