A commemorative postage stamp on the Birth Centenary of Siddavanahalli Nijalingappa :
Issued by India
Issued on Dec 31, 2003
Type : Stamp, Mint Condition
Watermark : No
Colour : Multi Colour
Denomination : 500 Paise
Stamps Printed : 0.4 Million
Printer : Madras Security Printers Ltd.
Name : Siddavanahalli Nijalingappa
Born on Dec 10, 1902 at Siddavanahalli, Chitradurga, Karnataka, India
Died on Aug 8, 2000 at Chitradurga, Karnataka, India
- A plain country gentleman, fervent in religion, fierce in patriotism, brilliant in leadership; such was Siddavanahalli Nijalingappa. His figure straddled the history of Karnataka and left a mark that has never been effaced. Born on 10 December, 1902, young Nijalingappa had a secure childhood. The teachings of his parents laid the foundation for a secular outlook and his education at Davangere and Chitradurga further widened his perspective. He obtained a degree in Law in 1926 at Poona where he studied in Fergusson College. His guiding principles as a lawyer were truth and justice and he believed that making money was not the goal of a lawyer. The freedom movement drew him into its fold and he abandoned all things foreign, adopting Khadi for his attire.
- Nijalingappa’s public and political career can be broadly divided into five successive phases – his role as a leader of the Karnataka Ekikarna (Unification) Movement, participation in the freedom movement as a member of the Gandhiji-led Congress, his achievements as the Chief Minister of united Karnataka State, his role as the President of the undivided Indian National Congress at a critical juncture, and the final phase, in which he blossomed into a great statesman trying hard, in spite of old age and failing health, to rouse the conscience of a nation in the spirit of Gandhiji. We take a brief look at each of these phases.
- Karnataka’s territorial, caste and communal fragmentations provided the backdrop for Nijalingappa’s stellar role in the Ekikarna Movement. Territorially, it was divided into five sub regions – old princely Mysore State, old Hyderabad State of the Nizam, Madras Karnataka, Bombay Karnataka and Uttara Kannada and the Chief Commissioner’s province of Coorg. Apart from the caste and communal factions, there was division between the Congress and the non-Congress parties. The only unifying factor was the Kannada language and it is a measure of Nijalingappa’s astuteness that he was able to harmonize all these fragments and carve out a broadly acceptable Karnataka State.
- The second major role that Nijalingappa played with a fire in his belly was towards the liberation of his motherland from the colonial yoke.