Dr. Hari Singh Gour

A commemorative postage stamp on the Birth Anniversary of Sir Hari Singh Gaur1st vice-chancellor of University of Delhi and Nagpur University, founder vice-chancellor of University of Sagar :

हरि सिंह गौर : Vice-Chancellor of University of Delhi, Nagpur & Sagar

Issued by India

Issued on Nov 26, 1976

Issued for : The P&T Department feels privileged to issue a commemorative stamp on Dr. Hari Singh Gour.

Type : Stamp, Postal Used

Colour : Plum

Denomination : 25 Paise

Overall size : 3.91 X 2.90 cms.

Printing size : 3.56 X 2.54 cms.

Perforation : 13 x 13

Watermark : Printed on unwatermarked adhesive stamp paper

Number printed : 30,00,000

Number per issue sheet : 35

Printing process : Photogravure

Designed and printed at : India Security Press

Name : Hari Singh Gour

Born on Nov 26, 1870 at Sagar, Madhya Pradesh, India

Died on Dec 25, 1949

About : 

  • Hari Singh Gour was born on November 26, 1870 in a poor peasant family near Saugar. The family had to be supported by Hari Singh‘s eldest brother who provided an allowance of Rs. 50 per month. At the age of 10, Hari Singh won a scholarship of Rs. 2 per month which enabled him to attend a night school at Saugar. Later, with the help of another scholarship he went to Jabalpur to undertake further studies. He passed his Intermediate examination from Hislop CollegeNagpur, standing first in the whole Province.
  • When he was 18, Hari Singh Gour went to Cambridge University where he took Moral Sciences Tripos and Law Tripos. While in England he came to be known in literary circles as a promising poet.
  • On his return to India he became a successful lawyer at Raipur. He wrote two monumental works, The Law of Transfer in India and The Penal Law of British India. Another book Hindu Law Code published later added to his reputation as a great jurist. He was also a great social reformer and was successful in getting an Act passed to enable women to be enrolled as lawyers, while his Civil Marriage Bill of 1923 showed him to be a reformer thinking ahead of his times.
  • By his determination and industry combined with a gift of oratory, Dr. Hari Singh Gour rose to eminent position in the political scene. He became a leader of the Opposition and of the Nationalist Party in the Indian Legislative Assembly. He was a Member of the Constituent Assembly that framed India’s Constitution.
  • Besides being a great lawyer and jurist, Dr. Gour was also a great educationist. He organised Delhi University as its first Vice-Chancellor and was Vice-Chancellor of Nagpur University for two successive terms. One of his most important contributions was the founding of the University of Saugar in 1946 for which he made a munificent donation. He became the first Vice-Chancellor of this University and occupied this position until he passed away on December 25, 1949. He bequeathed the greater part of his life’s savings, a large fortune, to the University of Saugar. The new campus of this University laid out on the summit of Patharia Hills, with a panoramic view of the town and lake, has been built largely through the benefactions of Dr. Hari Singh Gour and is a fitting memorial to this man of great vision.

Bharatendu Harishchandra

A commemorative postage stamp on Bharatendu Harishchandra (Rasa)father of modern Hindi literature :

भारतेन्दु हरिश्चन्द्रIssued by India

Issued on Sep 9, 1976

Type : Stamp, Mint Condition

Colour : Black Brown

Denomination : 25 Paisa

Name : Bharatendu Harishchandra

Born on Sep 9, 1850 at Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

Died on Jan 6, 1885 at Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

India on Alexander Graham Bell

A commemorative postage stamp on Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of the telephone :

Inventor of TelephoneIssued by India

Issued on Mar 10, 1976

Issued for : The Indian P&T Department deems it a great privilege to bring out a commemorative stamp in honour of this great man whose epoch-making invention has revolutionised the world of communications.

Type : Stamp, Mint Condition

Colour : Black and Yellow

Denomination : 25 Paise

Overall size : 3.91 X 2.90 cms.

Printing size : 3.56 X 2.54 cms.

Perforation : 13 x 13

Watermark : Unwatermarked Paper

Number printed : 30,00,000

Number per issue sheet : 35

Printing process : Photogravure

Designed and printed at : India Security Press

Name : Alexander Graham Bell

Born on Mar 3, 1847 at Edinburgh, Scotland

Died on Aug 2, 1922 at Beinn Bhreagh, Nova Scotia, Canada

About : 

  • Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of the Telephone, was born in EdinburghScotland on March 3, 1847. He was educated at Edinburgh and London Universities. Son and grandson of teachers of speech, Graham Bell was from his childhood fascinated by experiments in speech conducted by his grandfather and the lessons which his father gave. Because of ill health, he moved with his father to Canada in 1870. In 1872 Graham Bell opened a School in Boston for training teachers of the deaf and also gave instructions in the mechanics of speech. The following year he became Professor of Vocal Physiology in Boston University.
  • While working to devise a Multiple Telegraph, the thought of reproducing speech over distances constantly stirred his mind. On June 2, 1875, while working in Boston on Multiple Telegraph apparatus, Bell heard over an electric wire a sound corresponding to the twang of a steel spring at the other end. Recognising this as a manifestation of the undulatory current principle, he gave his assistant Thomas A. Watson, instructions for embodying it in a model of a telephone. This apparatus transmitted speech sounds the next day, June 3. Further experiments produced an instrument which on March 10, 1876, transmitted the first complete sentence: Mr. Watson, come here; I want you. This was the beginning of the telephone, the day of its invention.
  • The telephone was first shown publicly at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia. There the telephone attracted attention amidst its formidable rivals such as the first electric light and the first printed telegraph. Bell went to England and further perfected the two-piece device into a single instrument containing the transmitter and the receiver. Incredibly, the London Times described it as an American humbug. All the same, the first telephone exchange in England was established in London in September, 1876.
  • Bell and Watson lived to inaugurate the first transcontinental telephone between Washington and San Francisco in 1915. Bell was the founder of the American Association to Promote the Teaching of Speech to the Deaf and of the Volta Bureau for increasing knowledge relating to deafness. He was for a time President of the National Geographic Society and was appointed a Regent of the Smithsonian Institution in 1898.
  • The great pioneer and inventor died on August 2, 1922 at his summer home near Baddeck, Nova Scotia, Canada. A fitting tribute was paid to him when all the telephone stations on the Bell Telephone network in U.S.A. and Canada remained silent for one minute on the day of the funeral.

Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar

A commemorative postage stamp on the 150th Birth Anniversary of Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagaran Indian Bengali polymath and a key figure of Bengal Renaissance :

Issued by Indiaঈশ্বরচন্দ্র বিদ্যাসাগর (ईश्वर चन्द्र विद्यासागर)

Issued on Sep 26, 1970

Issued for : The Post and Telegraph Department is happy to bring out a special commemorative stamp in honour of Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, the great educationist and social reformer, on the occasion of his 150th birth anniversary.

Description of Design : The design of the stamp is vertical and depicts a portrait of Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar in the middle of the stamp against an oval background. On the left side bottom, some books and a lamp, the symbol of education are shown.

Type : Stamp, Postal Used

Colour : Red Purple & Dark Brown

Denomination : 20 Paise

Overall Size : 3.91 x 2.90 cms.

Printing Size : 3.56 x 2.54 cms.

Perforation : 13 x 13

Watermark : Printed on unwatermarked adhesive stamp paper

Number Printed : 30,00,000

Number per issue sheet : 35

Printing Process : Photogravure

Designed and Printed at : India Security Press

Name : Ishwar Chandra Bandyopadhyay

Born on Sep 26, 1820 at Birsingha, Paschim Midnapore, West Bengal, India

Died on Jul 29, 1891 at Kolkata, West Bengal, India

About : 

  • Of the makers of modern Bengal, one of the names to be remembered and cherished most is that of Pandit Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar. The social and literary resurgence of the country in general, and of Bengal in particular in the mid 19th century is, in no small measure, due to his far-searching vision and dynamic lead. Ishwar Chandra was born in a very poor Brahmin family in the village of Birsingha in the district Midnapore on September 26, 1820. His father was Shri Thakurdas Bandyopadhyay. After initial schooling in the village Pathshala, he entered the Government Sanskrit College in 1829. His career in the Sanskrit College upto 1841 is distinguished by his amazing attainment in the different branches of Sanskrit studies. He was easily the first and carried away innumerable prizes in the school for his scholarship. In 1841, he entered service as Head Pandit at Fort William College was an institution for training of British ICS officers in Bengali and Hindi. His first literary publication, Betal Panchavingsati was followed by various other books, mostly Bengali translations of renowned Sanskrit texts like popularised and simplified the study of Sanskrit Grammar by the literary world rightly entitled him to be called one of the fathers of modern Bengali prose.
  • In 1850, Vidyasagar joined the Government Sanskrit College as teacher of Literature. The next year he was appointed Principal of the same college. During his principalship of the college over a period of 7 years, Vidyasagar effected various salutary reforms in the academic and administrative atmosphere of the college. He improved the standard of discipline. Later year saw Vidyasagar as Inspector of Schools for the southern districts of Bengal. In that capacity, he founded a number of model schools in the district of Nadia, Burdwan, Hooghly and Midnapore girls’ schools as well. He also collaborated with Drinkwater Bethune in founding the Bethune College for Girls.
  • In 1858, Vidyasagar gave up the post of principalship of the Sanskrit College and turned his attention and energy to educational and social reforms in the country. Already in 1855-56 he had led the movement for widow remarriage and abolition of polygamy in Hindu society. In 1861, Vidyasagar became the secretary of the Calcutta Training School which was founded in 1859 and which was later renamed as Metropolitan Institution was to impart English education to middle class boys on every nominal fees. ‘The Hindu Family Fund’ was another philanthropic institution founded by Vidyasagar who was himself the trustee of this organisation for some year. The Fund was established for rendering financial help to destitutes and widows. Perhaps, the most memorable achievement of Vidyasagar‘s life is the college which bears his name. The Metropolitan Institution which was originally a school, was raised to the status of college is one of the biggest and illustrious institution under the Calcutta University imparting Honours education in all subjects in science and humanities. In 1808, Vidyasagar was honoured by the then Government with a title of CIE as a mark of recognition of the valuable social and academic services rendered by him, through long years.
  • He died on July 29, 1891. He was a man with a mission, a man with a message. His life was one of dedication to the cause of education.

Popular Works :

Books : Betaal Panchabinsati, Bodhadoy, Upakramanika, Bidhaba Bibaha Bishayak Prostab, Borno Porichoy, Kotha Mala, Byakaran KaumudiBhranti Bilas

Film (based on his works) : Bhranti Bilas

Quotes :

One wonders how God, in the process of producing forty million Bengalis, produced a man!” – Rabindranath Tagore

Awards & Degrees :

received the titleVidyasagar” (in Sanskrit, “vidya” means “knowledge” and “sagar “means “ocean”, i.e., Ocean of Knowledge) from Sanskrit College, Calcutta (from where he graduated), due to his excellent performance in Sanskrit Studies and Philosophy

Bankim Chandra Chatterjee

A commemorative postage stamp on the 130th birth anniversary of Bankimchandra Chattopadhyayan Indian Bengali writer, poet and journalist from Bengal Renaissance, composer of Vande Mataram :

বঙ্কিমচন্দ্র চট্টোপাধ্যায় (बंकिमचन्द्र चट्टोपाध्याय)Issued by India

Issued on Jan 1, 1969

Issued for : The Indian P & T Department is happy to salute the memory of this great writer and patriot by issuing a special stamp in his honour on New Year’s Day, 1969.

Description of Design : The design is vertical and depicts a portrait of Bankim Chandra Chatterjee.

Type : StampMint Condition

Colour : Blue

Denomination : 20 Paise

Overall Size : 3.34 X 2.46 cms.

Printing Size : 2.99 X 2.10 cms.

Perforation : 13½ x 14

Watermark : Printed on unwatermarked paper

Number Printed : 30,00,000

Number per issue Sheet : 54

Printing Process : Photogravure

Designed and Printed at : India Security Press

Name : Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay

Born on Jun 26, 1838 at KanthalparaNorth 24 Parganas, West Bengal, India

Died on Apr 8, 1894 at Kolkata, West Bengal, India

About : 

  • Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay was born on 26th June, 1838 in the village of Katalpara near Naihati in West Bengal. He was educated at the Hooghly College and the Presidency College, Calcutta and was among the first products of the newly-founded Calcutta University. Soon after graduation, he was appointed Deputy Collector under the then Government, an office which he held till his retirement.
  • He wrote poetry to begin with, but his efforts were no great success. He then turned to fiction and his first novel Raj Mohan’s Wife written in English appeared in 1864. He soon outgrew the contemporary craze for writing in English, and his next novel “Durgesh Nandini” was written in Bengali. The appearance of this work in 1865 was a landmark in India’s literary history. It was the first novel written in Bengali in the European style. “Durgesh Nandini” thus heralded the birth of a new literary era not only in Bengal but in the whole of India. Although it was not Bankim Chandra’s best work, it became immensely popular and filled the reader with unprecedented delight. Rabindranath Tagore has compared its publication to the appearance of dawn after night.
  • Novels came out thereafter in quick succession from Bankim Chandra’s fertile pen. “Kapal Kundala”, his most imaginative story, appeared in 1866, followed by Mrinalini. Many of his later novels were first published serially in the magazine “Bangadarsan” which Bankim founded in 1872. Among these were Visa Vriksha (his first social novel), Krishna Kanter WillAnanda Math” and “Devi Choudhurani”. Besides novels, he wrote several volumes of essays, sketches and dissertations. From 1872 till his death in 1894, Bankim Chandra was the leading figure in the literary circles of Bengal.
  • He came closest to the heart of the people and the names of his characters became household words in Bengal. His novels have been translated into other Indian languages and his reputation is, therefore, not confined to Bengal. A feature of his writings, unique for his times, is the spirit of patriotism that breathes through many of them. He is not only the father of modern Indian fiction, but has also earned an honoured place in the history of India’s struggle for freedom. A measure of his influence on the freedom movement is the popularity of the nationalist song “Bande Mataram” which occurs in his novel “Ananda Math”. Even today, the popularity of this song is second only to that of the National Anthem.

Gaganendranath Tagore

A commemorative postage stamp on Gaganendranath Thakuran Indian painter and cartoonist of Bengal School of Art, brother of Abanindranath Tagore and nephew of Rabindranath Tagore :

Issued by Indiaগগনেন্দ্রনাথ ঠাকুর (गगनेन्द्रनाथ ठाकुर): Bengal School of Art

Issued on Sep 17, 1968

Issued for : The Indian Posts and Telegraphs Department is happy to honour Gaganendranath‘s great name by issuing a commemorative stamp with his self-portrait, on the eve of the 101st anniversary of his birth.

Design : The design of the stamp is vertical and depicts a self portrait of Gaganendranath Tagore. The words Bharat INDIA are shown at the top left hand corner. The year of birth and death viz. 1867-1938 and value 20 paisa, appear at the bottom left and right corners respectively. The name Gaganendranath Thakur (Gaganendranath Tagore) appears below the portrait and outside the design.

Type : Stamp, Mint Condition

Colour : Buff and Red Purple

Denomination : 20 Paisa

Overall Size : 3.91 X 2.90 cms

Printing Size : 3.56 X 2.54 cms

Perforation : 13 x 13

Number per issue Sheet : 35

Printing Process : Photogravure

Printers : India Security Press

Name : Gaganendranath Tagore

Born on Sep 18, 1867 at Jora SankoKolkata, West Bengal, India

Died on Feb 14, 1938 at Kolkata, West Bengal, India

About : 

  • The members of the great Tagore family of Bengal were among the pioneers of the Indian Renaissance at the turn of this century. Abanindranath and Gaganendranath, nephews of the great Poet Tagore, gave expression to the new awakening in the field of painting. Gaganendranath was the lesser-known of the two but his work was by no means second-rate.
  • Born on September 18, 1867, Gaganendranath took to painting rather late in life. He did not follow the set patterns of the new Bengal School. He broke new ground and took some of his ideas from the Cubist and Futurist schools then in vogue in Europe. But these alien influences did not sweep him off his feet. He remained an Indian painter, first and last. Although his productions owed much to foreign trends there was nothing hybrid about them as they were rooted in true Indian traditions. All through them runs the transforming mark of his originality. The homely simplicity of his Chaitanya series of paintings, the beauty and breadth of his landscapes, the effortless suggestiveness of his portraits – these are the distinctive paintings of a great artist.
  • Gaganendranath has been called a painter of the modern city. In this, too, his contribution has been unique because most of our artists do not feel quite at home in themes with an urban background. When he paints the evening sky, one recognizes the Calcutta sky, with its smoke and dust. The two women leaning on the parapet wall are confident and self-conscious, not coy and retiring village brides. His Durga Puja Immersion Procession is a spirited representation of a real city street.
  • Gaganendranath carved out a niche for himself in another field usually avoided by great painters, that of the cartoonist. The most important of his cartoons date from 1915 to 1922. These were highly expressive and reflected “all the irreverence and irony of the revolutionary”. Cartoons like the the Screamseries and Peace restored in the Punjab (on the Jalianwala Bagh tragedy) were distinguished by the artist’s unfailing courage and directness and left a telling impression on the contemporary viewer.
  • Gaganendranath was stricken with facial paralysis about the year 1930, and passed away in 1938. But his memory lives on in his paintings and sketches. Fifty years after his great works began to appear, he still regarded as the most authentic experimentalist of our times. In fact, his talent is being increasingly appreciated with the passing years, a sure indication that his was not the flowering of a transient genius. Artists in India have been celebrating the centenary year of this departed master.
  • the only Indian painter before the 1940s who made use of the language and syntax of Cubism in his painting – Partha Mitter

Chittaranjan Das

A commemorative postage stamp on Deshbandhu C. R. Das, an Indian Bengali politician and freedom fighter, president of Indian National Congress (1921-22) :

Issued by Indiaচিত্তরঞ্জন দাশ (चितरंजन दास)

Issued on Nov 5, 1965

Issued for : The Indian Posts & Telegraphs Department takes pride in honouring this great patriot by bringing out a commemorative stamp on 5th November 1965, the occasion of his birth anniversary.

Type : Stamp, Mint Condition

Colour : Dark Brown

Denomination : 0.15

Overall Size : 3.91 X 2.90 cms.

Printing Size : 3.63 X 2.62 cms.

Perforation : 13

Watermark : Printed on unwatermarked paper

Number Printed : 2 million

Set : 35 stamps per issue sheet

Printing Process : Photogravure

Designed and Printed at : India Security Press

Name : Chittaranjan Das

Born on Nov 5, 1870 at Bikrampur, Dhaka, Bengal Presidency, British India [now in Bangladesh]

Died on Jun 16, 1925 at Darjeeling, West Bengal, India

About : 

  • Among the great personages who shaped the destiny of the Indian struggle for freedom, Chittaranjan Das ranks as one of the most outstanding and prominent patriots who sacrificed his all for the country’s cause. If I die in this work of winning freedom, I believe I shall be born in this country again and again, live for it, hope for it, work for it with all the energy of my life, with all the love of my nature till I see the fulfilment of my hope and the realisation of this idea, said the patriot whom his countrymen rightly calledDeshbandhu.”
  • Born on 5th November 1870, C. R. Das had his early education in the London Missionary Society Institution, Bhowanipur, and graduated in 1890 from the Presidency College, Calcutta. He then proceeded to England where he joined the Middle Temple and was called to the bar in 1892. He returned to India in 1893 and enrolled himself at the bar of the Calcutta High Court. During his early years as a lawyer he was intimately associated as a budding poet with Rabindranath Tagore. After a series of sensational criminal cases in which he appeared to use his vast knowledge of British law for the defence of patriots and the advancement of the cause of India‘s freedom, the most famous of which was the case in which he defended Shri Aurobindo Ghose accused in the Alipore Bomb Conspiracy case, and his success in a number of civil cases, particularly the Dumraon adoption case, his reputation as a brilliant lawyer was established. A great legal luminary of his time, he used his acumen and ability in defending patriotic causes. He gave up his lucrative practice which was fetching him a princely income while at the height of his profession in order to throw his weight fully into the freedom struggle. Although revolutionary in his ideas, he was opposed to violence and was a staunch votary of constitutional methods. A founder of the Swaraj party within the freedom movement, he advocated fighting the British Raj from within the council chambers. True to his own statement If I live, I live for Swaraj, if I die, I die for SwarajChittaranjan Das thought, dreamt, talked and worked for the freedom of India and nothing else till the very day of his untimely death on 16th June 1925.
  • A brilliant barrister, poet, journalist and philanthropist, Chittaranjan Das‘s claim to greatness lies more than anything else on his ardent patriotism. Man truly reveals himself through his gift, and the best gift that Chittaranjan has left for his countrymen is not any particular political or social programme, but the creative force of a great aspiration that has taken a deathless form in the sacrifice which his life represented said Rabindranath Tagore.
  • In the words of Mahatma Gandhi, Chittaranjan Das was one of the greatest men …… one of the jewels among the servants of India. His service and his sacrifice were matchless. May their memory ever remain with us and may his example inspire us to noble efforts.

USSR on Lenin 1967

Set of 5 nos of commemorative postage stamps on Lenin :

1. Lenin as Student [97th Birth Anniversary]2. Lenin Monument at Ulyanovsk [97th Birth Anniversary]3. Lenin in Razliv [97th Birth Anniversary]4. Lenin Head [97th Birth Anniversary]5. Lenin statue as Leader [97th Birth Anniversary]

Issued by Russia

Issued on 1967

Type : Stamps, Postal Used

Subject : 97th Birth Anniversary of Lenin : Sculptures of Lenin

About : 

  • a set of 5 stamps consists of 5 different face values [denomination] 
  • 2k : Statue of Lenin as Student, by Vladimir Efimovich Tsigal [Soviet sculptor]. Colour of the Stamp is Olive Green, Sepia & Buff
  • 3k : Monument at Ulyanovsk by Matvey Genrikhovich Manizer [a prominent Russian sculptor]. Colour of the Stamp is Maroon & Brown
  • 4k : Statue of Lenin in Razliv by Veniamin Borisovich Pinchuk [Soviet sculptor]. Colour of the Stamp is Olive Black & Gold
  • 6k : Sculpture of Lenin Head, by Georgii Vasil’evich Neroda [Soviet sculptor]. Colour of the Stamp is Dark Blue, Silver & Black
  • 10k : Statue of Lenin as Leader, by Nikolai Andreevich Andreev [Soviet sculptor & graphic artist]. Colour of the Stamp is Silver, Gray Blue & Black
  • for other details follow Lenin

Jatindra Nath Mukherjee

A commemorative postage stamp on the Death Anniversary of Jatindranath Mukhopadhyay (Bagha Jatin), an Indian Bengali revolutionary, a leader of Yugantar party, planned German Plot during World War I against British Raj :

বাঘা যতীন যতীন্দ্রনাথ মুখোপাধ্যায় (बाघा यतीन यतीन्द्रनाथ मुखोपाध्याय)Issued by India

Issued on Sep 9, 1970

Issued for : The Posts and Telegraphs Department joins the millions in this country in paying its silent homage to the memory of this invincible harbinger of national freedom and glory, by issuing a special commemorative stamp in honour of Jatindra Nath Mukherjee.

Description of Design : The design of the stamp is horizontal and depicts a portrait of Jatindra Nath Mukherjee holding the reins of a horse.

The design is based on the drawing prepared by Shri C. Kar, Principal, Govt. College of Art & Craft, Calcutta.

Type : Stamp, Postal Used

Colour : J.B.A’s Red Brown

Denomination : 20 Paise

Overall Size : 4.06 X 2.28 cms.

Printing Size : 3.80 X 2.0 cms.

Perforation : 14 x 14½

Watermark : Printed on unwatermarked adhesive stamp paper

Number Printed : 30,00,000

Number per issue sheet : 50

Printing Process : Photogravure

Designed and Printed at : India Security Press

Name : Jyotindra [as he signed] Nath Mukhopadhyay [Baghajatin]

Born on Dec 7, 1879 at Kusthia, Nadia district, Bengal Presidency, British India [now in Bangladesh]

Died on Sep 10, 1915 at Balasore, Bengal Presidency, British India [now in Odisha]

About : 

  • Jatin Mukherjee was a legendary name which sent a thrill among the younger generation of this country at the beginning of the First World War. Jatindra Nath Mukherjee was better known as Bagha Jatin because, as a young man he had tackled a Royal Bengal Tiger single-handed in his native village and killed it with a knife. This was not merely a feat of brute physical strength and great presence of mind, it was an instance of the cool courage and self-sacrificing determination which characterised him at all times. In fact, his contemporaries regarded him as a superman.
  • Jatindra Nath Mukherjee was born in December, 1879 in a respectable and well-to-do Brahmin family of Jessore. His father, Umesh Chandra was a profound scholar, reputed for his strength of character and courage. His mother, Sharat Shashi Debi, was a poet of considerable merit. Even at an early age Jatin showed a remarkable development of body and mind. As a school boy, one day he halted a frenzied horse rushing down the streets of Krishnanagar and creating panic among the people. After calming it down, he returned the horse to its owner. While a student, he met Swami Vivekananda and came under his influence. Jatindra Nath, however, felt that the spiritual regeneration of India would not be possible till India was politically free. Even though Jatin joined the Bengal Secretariat as a stenographer and spent half the year at Darjeeling and the other half in Calcutta, he found time for other more important interests in his life. By his personal magnetism, he attracted young men who thronged round him to hear his lectures on Geeta and other sacred texts. But his classes extended beyond the Geeta to the fiery works of Yogendra Vidyabhushan, Bankim and many foreign authors and thinkers. He endeavoured to create in his audience a deep-rooted love for the Motherland whose bondage was much too painful for him to bear.
  • In April, 1900. Jatindra Nath Mukherjee was married to Indubala Debi; and his children Ashalata, Tejen and Biren are still alive. When war broke out in 1914, Jatindra Nath went underground; a hushed rumour had it that he was preparing for an armed uprising for the freedom of the nation. Jatindra Nath‘s idealism and bearing impressed Aurobindo Ghosh, who advised him in the revolutionary movement for the independence of the Motherland. In this connection, he travelled from district to district organising the movement. When Sri Aurobindo was on trial in the Alipore Bomb Conspiracy Case, Jatindra Nath organised a series of daring actions to hamper the prosecution. Eventually, Jatindra Nath was arrested and put on trial with a number of others in thHowrah Conspiracy Case, but the case failed.
  • At that time, the Indian revolutionaries had spread over the world to seek support for the freedom struggle. The then German Government was to extend aid in the form of supply of arms, money and officers and these arrangements were to be channelised through the German Embassy in U.S.A. The plans of the Indian revolutionaries were, however, betrayed to the Allied powers, who seized chartered ships with German arms aboard on the high seas. This exposed Jatindra Nath who had to seek shelter In the then Indian State of Mayurbhanj. The British Police mobilised all their resources within a radius of many miles In Mayurbhanj and the neighbouring Balasore District of Orissa and organised an elaborate man-hunt after the revolutionaries. Rewards were announced and the revolutionaries were branded as ‘dacoits’. Jatindra Nath and his party were often surrounded by police parties and there were several skirmishes. Finally, on the 9th September, 1915, they were brought to bay and there was a pitched battle between the revolutionaries and the police aided by an Army unit on the banks of the river BuraBalam in the village of Chashakhanda in Balasore District. It was an unequal battle between a handful of revolutionaries ill-equipped and bedraggled, and the organised might of the then British Empire. Even so, the battle lasted 75 minutes. Jatindra Nath fell mortally wounded. He was taken to Government hospital at Balasore where he expired the next morning. Thus ended the spectacular career of one of the heroes of the nation’s grim struggle for freedom. He blazed a trail and fired the imagination of his people in their fight for Independence. Since then, the 9th of September is hallowed by the memory of this heroic son of India.

Jagadish Chandra Bose

A commemorative postage stamp on Jagadis Chandra Basu, an Indian Bengali scientist, one of the fathers of radio science, inventor of Crescograph; a device for measuring plant growths, father of Bengali science fiction :

Issued by Indiaজগদীশ চন্দ্র বসু (जगदीश चन्द्र बसु)

Issued on Nov 30, 1958

Type : Stamp, Postal Used

Colour : Single colour

Denomination : 15 naya paisa

Name : Jagadish Chandra Bose

Born on Nov 30, 1858 at Mymensingh, Bikrampur, Bengal Presidency, British India [now in Bangladesh]

Died on Nov 23, 1937 at Giridih, Bengal Presidency, British India [now in Jharkhand]

Bipin Chandra Pal

A commemorative postage stamp on the Birth Centenary of Bipin Chandra Paul, Father of Revolutionary Thoughts in India, a Bengali freedom fighter, nationalist, politician, writer, orator, social reformer, part of Lal Bal Pal triumvirate :

Issued by Indiaবিপিন চন্দ্র পাল (बिपिन चंद्र पाल)

Issued on Nov 7, 1958

Type : Stamp, Postal Used

Colour : Single colour

Denomination : 15 naya paisa

Name : Bipin Chandra Pal

Born on Nov 7, 1858 at Habiganj, Sylhet, Bengal Presidency, British India [now in Bangladesh]

Died on May 20, 1932 at Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Republic of India 1950

Complete Set of 4 nos of commemorative postage stamps on Inauguration of Republic of India :

294 Rejoicing Crowds [Republic Issue]295 Quill, Ink-well & Verse [Republic Issue]296 Ear of Corn & Plough [Republic Issue]297 Spinning Wheel & Cloth [Republic Issue]

Issued by India

Issued on Jan 26, 1950

Issued for : A new series of postage stamps commemorating the inauguration of the Republic of India was issued by the Indian Posts and Telegraphs Department.

Picture : 

  • 2 annas : A boy and a girl watching a procession of cavaliers carrying flags and blowing trumpets which herald India’s attainment of full nationhood. This stamp was intended for inland postage. Colour of the stamp is Red.
  • 3.5 annas : A quill dipped into an inkpot with a number of leaflets in the background inscribed in Hindi with Mahatma Gandhi‘s favourite hymn ‘Raghupati Raghav Raja Ram‘ and in illustrative of India’s nation building programme in the realm of Education. This stamp was intended for foreign letter mail. Colour of the stamp is Blue.
  • 4 annas : An ear of grain set vertically in the centre with an indigenous ploughshare placed diagonally behind a star-spangled background and is symbolic of India as an essentially agricultural country. This stamp was intended for registration. Colour of the stamp is Violet.
  • 12 annas : An indigenous handloom (Charkha), symbolic of India’s Cottage Industry and of her progressive evolution with each round of the wheel. In the background is a piece of cloth which is hand spun and hand woven and which in its turn symbolises the importance of the ‘Charkha’ in India’s rural economy. This stamp was intended for foreign air mail. Colour of the stamp is Maroon.
  • Common design for all the stamps above : The words ‘Republic of India‘ and ‘Inauguration January 26, 1950‘ are inscribed along the sides of the stamps. On one of the sides appear the word ‘POSTAGE‘ and the denominational value in English. In the top right hand corner of the inset is inscribed the word ‘BHARAT‘ and the value of the stamp in Hindi (Devnagri) script.
  • The 2 annas denomination is intended for inland postage, the 3½ annas for foreign letter mail, the 4 annas for registration and 12 annas for foreign air mail.
  • Simultaneously with these commemoratives, a First Day Cover and a Folder will also be brought out. The designs for these have been obtained through the courtesy of the Commercial Arts Section of Sir J. J. School of Arts, Bombay.

Designed by Messrs. D. J. Keymer & Co. Ltd., Calcutta

Type : Stamps, Postal Used

Watermark : Yes [a multiple of five pointed star]

Denomination : 2 annas, 3.5 annas, 4 annas & 12 annas

Size : 1.14″ X 1.54″

Perforation : 13 x 13

Stamps Printed : 2a – 19.7 Million, 3½a – 1.2 Million, 4a – 6.9 Million and 12a – 2.5 Million (each in sheets of 128)

Printing Process : Offset

Printers : India Security Press, Nasik Road

Mahatma Gandhi Mourning Issue

Complete Set of 4 nos of commemorative postage stamps on Mahatma Gandhi :

286 Mahatma Gandhi287 Mahatma Gandhi288 Mahatma Gandhi289 Mahatma Gandhi

Issued by India

Issued on Aug 15, 1948

Issued to Commemorate the First Anniversary of Independence and in Mourning after the Death of Mahatma Gandhi

Picture : The Portrait of Mahatma Gandhi

Type : Postal Used

Colour : 

  • 1.5 anna : Brown
  • 3.5 anna : Violet
  • 12 anna : Dark Gray Green
  • 10 Rs : Purple-Brown & Lake

Watermark : No

Denomination : 1.5 annas, 3.5 annas, 12 annas & 10 rupees

Name : Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi 

Born on Oct 2, 1869 at Porbandar, Gujarat, India

Died on Jan 30, 1948 at New Delhi, India

About : 

  • India has, through the ages, produced many great men and women; but none, surely, greater than Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was great in the nobility of the truths that he preached; great in the magnitude of his public achievements and great in the simplicity and selflessness of his personal life.
  • As a young man seeking justice for the Indians in South Africa he evolved the method of action that will forever be associated with his name – Satyagraha, passive resistance. With this he returned in India, where his countrymen were striving to free themselves from British rule. He gave then his gospel of truth and non-violence, put courage into their hearts, steeled their will to revolt, and led them ultimately, after years of suffering and sacrifice, to their goal of Independence.
  • To Mahatma Gandhi, national liberation did not, however, seen only the breaking of the chain of political slavery. It meant also the elevation of the ‘Untouchables‘, the Harijans, the lowest of the lowly, to a place of honour and dignity. And it meant the entire progress of economic betterment, of self-help and self-sufficiency, that was epitomised in his advocacy of the Charka.
  • Towards the end, his life was almost wholly devoted to the promotion of better relations between Hindus and Muslims. Holding all religions in respect, he saw them not as barriers between one community and another, but as the supreme solvent of barriers, binding men together in mutual charity and tolerance.
  • He was born at Porbandar, in Kathiawar, in 1869. 79 years ago, but he belongs not to Kathiawar as to India, but to the whole world. In an age shaken by violence and greed and fear, millions in every Country acknowledged him an foremost amongst those who showed them the way to a sane and ethical node of life.
  • On January 30, 1945, in New Delhi, an assassin’s bullet put an end to his life. But his memory is imperishable; it will be as a beacon and an inspiration so long as men continue to fight for truth against falsehood, for freedom from tyranny, and for justice and brotherliness against violence and oppression.

India on Rabindranath Tagore 1961

A commemorative postage stamp on the Birth Centenary of Kabiguru Rabindranath Thakur1st non-European to win Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913 :

Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore Birth Centenary

Issued by India

Issued on May 7, 1961

Issued for : In 1952, the Posts and Telegraphs Department brought out the first photogravure series of stamps depicting Saints and Poets which included Rabindranath Tagore. The Department deems it a great privilege to pay its tribute to this great Poet of India once again by issuing a special stamp commemorating his birth centenary.

Design : The stamp which carries the profile of Rabindranath Tagore is based on a design by Satyajit Ray and is executed by the India Security Press, Nasik.

Acknowledgements are due also to the Vice-Chancellor, Vishwa-Bharati, for kind permission to use the profile from a photograph.

Type : Stamp, Postal Used

Colour : Chestnut – Jade Green

Denomination : 15 Naya Paisa

Size : 3.91 X 2.90 cms.

Perforation : 13

Watermark : All over multiple “Lion Capital of Asoka”

Number Printed : 2.5 million

Set : 35 stamps per issue sheet

Printing Process : Photogravure

Name : Rabindranath Tagore

Born on May 7, 1861 at Kolkata, India

Died on Aug 7, 1941 at Kolkata, India

About : 

  • He has left us the Gitanjali, the poems which brought him world fame. The great Tulsidas left us his immortal Ramayana. The renowned Vedavyasa left a history of mankind. They were not mere poets, they were teachers. Gurudev, too, wrote not only as a Poet, but as a Rishi …. His creative genius has also given us Santiniketan, Sriniketan and Vishwa-Bharati. These breathe his spirit and are a legacy not only to Bengal but to India. Santiniketan has become a place of pilgrimage to us all …. They are monuments to his endeavour and are a constant reminder to us of the passionate love he had for his country and the service he rendered to her.” (Gandhiji, at a birthday observance in May 1946.)
  • My pictures are my versification in lines. If by chance they are entitled to claim recognition it must be primarily for some rhythmic significance of form which is ultimate, and not for any interpretation of an idea, or representation of a fact. – Rabindranath Tagore
  • A Poet’s Mission
    • A poet’s mission is to listen for the voice which is not yet audible; to inspire faith in a dream which is still unfulfilled, to bring to a sceptic world the earliest tidings of the unborn flower. It is the eternal child, the dreamer, the courageous man of simple faith who has given the impulse to great civilizations. The faith of such a creative genius acknowledges no limits. Age after age, in Asia, great dreamers have made the world sweet with the showers of their love and wisdom. Asia is again waiting for such dreamers to come and carry on the work, not of fighting, not of selfish profit-making, but the work of overcoming all differences, of widening for ages, of producing the light that pierces the storm clouds of trouble, that illuminates the path of life.” – Rabindranath Tagore
  • Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941)
    • 1961 marks the centenary of the birth of four great Indians – Rabindranath Tagore, Motilal Nehru, Madan Mohan Malaviya and Profulla Chandra Ray. Each one of them made notable contributions to Indian national development and they all shared the great qualities of patriotism, nationalism and humanism. They believed in the freedom and dignity of the individual and held that India‘s greatest gift to the world lay in emphasising these human values. Even among these resplendent figures, Rabindranath Tagore is pre-eminent as a man of extraordinary genius whose contributions to India and the world are outstanding.
    • Tagore was fortunate in both the time and the place of his birth. The advent of the West had disturbed the placid waters of Indian life, and a new awakening was seeping throughout the land. Its initial impact had dazzled the Indian mind and so impressed some of the early reformers that, at times, they seemed to blind imitators of the West. By the time Tagore was born, the first phase of uncritical admiration for the West had worn off and there was a more balanced appraisal of its values. Simultaneously, there was increased knowledge of and regard for the values of the East. The place of his birth was equally appropriate. Bengal had felt the influence of the West earlier and more vigorously than, perhaps, any other part of India, and in Bengal the stirrings of new life were most marked in Calcutta. The meeting of the East and the West on India‘s shores was for Tagore, thus, both a fact and an ideal.
    • The circumstances of his family also helped in the flowering of Tagore‘s genius. Originally from East Bengal, the family became rich and prosperous during the later Mughal days. Its affluence became even greater after the coming of the British. Co-operation with the ruling powers brought it status, wealth and culture, but it also provoked the disapproval of the orthodox. Interdining with the Tagore family invited social disapproval, intermarriage – ostracism. Conscious of its wealth and talents, the family reacted with a proud unconcern for many of the social taboos of the day. The family had been moved, however, for generations by the deeper values of Indian life. Tagore‘s grandfather was one of the pioneers of Western education and a friend of Raja Rammohan Roy. His father, a great student of Indian philosophy and Islamic mysticism, began his day with recitations from the Upnishads and from Hafiz. Tagore was, thus, born in a family which was steeped in the traditions of ancient and mediaeval India and yet, responsive to the currents of the modern West. A profoundly religious atmosphere, free from adherence to forms and rituals, created an ideal background for the flowering of his universal mind.
    • In this brief account, we can do little more than barely refer to his many-splendoured genius. The world rightly honours Rabindranath Tagore as one of the greatest literary figures in history. His writings include more than a thousand poems and two thousand songs, in addition to a large number of short stories, novels, dramatic works and essays on diverse topics. As a writer of lyrics and songs, he has rarely been equalled and, perhaps, never surpassed. As a short story writer, his rank is among the first three or four masters of the craft. As a novelist and playwright, he has achieved for himself an honoured place in the world of letters. As a literary critic, he has given evidence of rare insight and deep sympathy with the work of men who differed from him widely in tradition and temperament. It is, thus, not surprising that his works should be translated into all the major languages of the world, and bring joy, solace and strength to countless millions.
    • The diversity of his literary work is amazing; but literature in its widest sense could not exhaust his energies. He was a musician of the highest order and not only composed songs but set them to music. He started as a traditionalist, but very soon the range of his musical composition expanded till it incorporated elements from Western music and fused them with his Eastern background. With more than two thousand songs that express every nuance of human feeling and every mood of Nature in her infinite variety to his credit, he is undoubtedly one of the greatest song writers and musicians that the world has known.
    • Tagore took to painting when he was almost 70 and yet produced within ten years almost 3,000 pictures. They broke away sharply from prevailing Indian styles and explored the unconscious and sub-conscious levels of the people’s mind. Some regard his work as a complete departure from the India tradition and, yet, many competent critics have described him as one of the most significant and creative painters of modern India. His affiliation with primitive art on the one hand and with some of the avant garde on the other is only one indication of the sweep and range of his genius.
    • Tagore was an artist par excellence and, in addition, he made remarkable contributions to religious and educational thought, to politics and social reforms, to moral regeneration and economic reconstruction of India and the world. He not only pondered deeply and creatively on all these topics, but also set his hand to realise in practice what he preached. The educational ideas which inspired his school at Santiniketan have deeply influenced all modern educational thought in India. His programmes of economic, social and political reconstruction of the village through the co-operation and self-help of villagers have set the pattern for programmes of re-construction of national life in contemporary India. He travelled far and wide to revive India‘s contacts with the outside world and laid the foundation on which free India has, since, based her policy of friendly relations with all peoples of the world. His deep feeling for the unity of man made him realise that interdependence of peoples and countries rather than independence must be the principle of life and progress today and tomorrow if the world is to survive the challenge of modern science and technology. Steeped in the age-old traditions of the East, and inheritor of the rich cultural heritage of ancient and mediaeval India, he was at the same time a modernist who welcomed the true values proclaimed by the West. In short, Tagore lived and worked for the realisation of the ideal of Universal Man.
    • Humayun Kabir, Minister for Scientific Research and Cultural Affairs, Government of India, New Delhi.

Indian Saints & Poets 1952

Complete Set of 6 nos of commemorative postage stamps on Indian Saints & Poets :

KabirTulsidasMeera BaiSurdasGhalibRabindranath

Issued by India

Issued on Oct 1, 1952

Issued to Commemorate the Saints & Poets of India

Picture : 

  • Kabir : A mystic saint of the 15th century. His poetry and his teachings represent a synthesis of the Hindu and Muslim thought. He condemned bigotry and religious hypocrisy and believed in simple devotion and non-violence. His couplets in easy and intelligible Hindi have an irresistible appeal.Adapted from a painting in the State Museum, Lucknow.

    Colour of the stamp is Yellow Green. 

  • Tulsidas : The universe I see pervaded by the lord : To Him I bow with folded hands. A celebrated saint-poet of the 17th century and a contemporary of Akbar. As author of Ramcharitmanas, popular Hindi version of the Indian epic, Ramayana, his contribution to Hindi literature is unique.Adapted from a painting in the Bharat Kala Bhawan, Banaras.

    Colour of the stamp is Crimson.

  • Meera : Let me Thy servant, O’ Lord : I shall Thee and tend Thy garden and (as my reward) see Thy face every day : Of Thee, shall I sing in the lanes and bowers of Bindraban. This Rajput princess and consort of the heir-apparent to the throne of Udaipur in the 15th-16th century gave up earthly glories for the sake of divine love. Her life was a pure flame of devotion. Her songs have enhanced generations of listeners to this day.
    Colour of the stamp is Scarlet.
  • Surdas : Look not at my vices, O’ Lord: All are equal in Thy eyes, they say, Thou canst, only if Thou wilt, grant me salvation. A blind poet of the 15th-16th century. Like Tulsidas, he preached the gospel of universal love. The final aspect of love for Lord Krishna is the main theme of his poetry. The language used is ‘Brajbhasha’ noted for its simplicity and sweetness. Sursagar, a collection of his poems, is a masterpiece of literature in the national language.
    Colour of the stamp is Blue.
  • Ghalib : Mirza Asadullah Khan Ghalib was a renowned Urdu poet of the 19th century, closely associated with the court of Mughal emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar. Also a Persian poet, he originated a new style of letter writing. His poems, mainly Gazals, range over the entire gamut of human emotions and reveal deep insight.Adapted from a painting in the library of Nawab Sadar Yar Jung of Habibganj (Aligarh).

    Colour of the stamp is Magenta.

  • TagoreThou hast made me known to friends whom I knew not, Thou hast given me seats in homes not my own, Thou hast brought the distant near and made a brother of the stranger. Rabindranath Tagore, poet, dramatist and philosopher is a literary genius of modern India. Among his works, the ‘Gitanjali’ won him the Noble Prize in 1913. In Jana Gana Mana India’s national anthem, the great poet has immortalised himself.
    Colour of the stamp is Dark Brown.
  • These six stamps are the first emissions printed by Photogravure in India and thus an important landmark in the evolution of Indian stamps.

Type : Postal Used

Watermark : Yes [5 pointed multiple star]

Denomination : 9 pies, 1 anna, 2 annas, 4 annas, 4.5 annas & 12 annas

Size : 1.6″ X 0.95″ (inch)

Perforation : 14

Printing Process : Photogravure

Dwarka Prasad Mishra

A commemorative postage stamp on Pandit Dwarka Prasad Mishra, former Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh (1963-1967) :

द्वारका प्रसाद मिश्रChief Minister of Madhya PradeshIssued by India

Issued on Aug 5, 2001

Issued for : The post-independence era has seen the emergence of India as a modern nation, marching ahead in diverse fields of human activity, providing better quality of life to its citizens, upholding democratic values and ensuring social justice as well as development. Individuals of extraordinary vision, character and abilities gave leadership to this process, guiding the country in its march towards progress. The Department of Posts pays tribute to one such leader, namely, Dwarka Prasad Mishra, by issuing a postage stamp in his honour.

Credits :
Stamp & FDC : Layout by Alka Sharma, based on material furnished by the sponsors.
Cancellation : Alka Sharma

Type : Stamp, Mint Condition

Colour : Four Colour

Denomination : 400 Paise

Overall Size : 2.90 x 3.91 cms.

Printing Size : 2.54 x 3.55 cms.

Perforation : 13.5 x 13.5

Paper : Imported un w/m stamp paper

Stamps Printed : 0.4 million

Number per issue sheet : 40

Printing Process : Photo Offset

Printer : Eagle Press Pvt. Ltd.

Name : Pt. Dwarka Prasad Mishra

Born on 1901 at Unnao, Uttar Pradesh, India

Died on 1988

About : 

  • Dwarka Prasad Mishra (1901-1988), former Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh, joined the national movement at a young age heeding the call of Mahatma Gandhi. He was prominent in the erstwhile Central Provinces in organising the political struggle against the colonial rulers. He was in the forefront of the national movement from 1920 onwards and came into close association with Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and other national leaders. He exposed the exploitative practices of the British as well as their policy of ‘Divide and Rule’. He vehemently criticised the British bureaucratic administration, to which he attributed the backwardness of the Indian people. He was jailed for a number of years for his role in the freedom struggle.
  • In post-independence India, he was a prominent figure in the national political scene. His tenure as the Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh saw the all-round development of the state. He stood for industrialization and for India becoming self-sufficient economically. He was a practitioner of truth and fairness in political life. He had the moral courage to stand up against the disease of defections which was the scourge of Indian political life in the 1960’s and 70’s, unmindful of the threat of his own political career being jeopardised.
  • Dwarka Prasad Mishra was a journalist of repute, having edited the Hindi journals Lokmat, Sharda and Saarthi and used them masterfully to put across his views and messages to the masses. His epic poem, Krishnayan, was highly acclaimed by the critics. In this book, his dream of a happy and free India in which the highest welfare of the people is served has been portrayed.
  • Text : Based on the Dictionary of National Biography edited by S.P. Sen as well as material furnished by the sponsors.