A commemorative postage stamp on Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, 2nd President of India (1962-67) :
Issued on Sep 5, 1967
Issued for : To honour this great son of India, the Posts and Telegraphs Department felt greatly privileged in bringing out a special stamp on the occasion of his birth anniversary on 5th September, 1967.
Photo by : Courtesy of Photo Division, Ministry of I & B, Govt. of India
Type : Stamp, Mint Condition
Colour : Plum
Denomination : 15 Paise
Overall Size : 3.91 x 2.90 cms.
Printing Size : 3.56 x 2.54 cms.
Perforation : 13 x 13
Watermark : Printed on unwatermarked paper
Number Printed : 20,00,000
Number per issue Sheet : 35
Printing Process : Photogravure
Designed and Printed at : India Security Press
Name : Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Born on Sep 5, 1888 at Thiruttani, Tamil Nadu, India
Died on Apr 17, 1975 at Chennai, India
- Philosopher, educationist, diplomat who recently retired as the head of the world’s largest democracy – the world is familiar with Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan as a symbol of resurgent India. His has been among the commanding voices – a voice that admonishes, that warns, that soothes. Pronouncing anathema on a society which is acquisitive in its nature, unhealthy in its pleasures, disillusioned in its ideals, he enunciated the transcendental idealism of his faith thus:
“Not justice, but love – spontaneous, uncalculating – is the deepest fact of the universe.“
- Born on 5th September, 1888, at Tiruttani near Madras, Dr. Radhakrishnan was educated at Tirupati, Vellore and Madras. From the very beginning of his academic career, he shows signs of exceptional brilliance and deep discernment. He started his career as an Assistance Professor of Philosophy in Presidency College, Madras; later he was appointed University Professor at Mysore and then at Calcutta. He subsequently proceeded to England and America. His lectures on “An Idealist View of Life“ to large audience at the Universities of London and Manchester were hailed as a great event in that country. His deep erudition, brilliant exposition and mastery of Eastern and Western thought combined with his scintillating powers of speech left a lasting impression.
- Although honour after honour was showered upon him, he never lost his two cardinal qualities – serenity and sweetness. He served as the Vice-Chancellor of the Andhra and Banaras Hindu Universities. In 1936 he had the unique distinction of being appointed Spalding Professor of Eastern Religions and Ethics at Oxford University. This was followed by his election as Fellow of the British Academy. In 1948, he was appointed Chairman of the University Education Commission, and in 1952 he was unanimously elected President of the General Conference of UNESCO. In 1954, the Government of India conferred on him the highest title of Bharat-Ratna. From 1949 to 1952, Dr. Radhakrishnan served as India’s ambassador to the Soviet Union with remarkable success. His uncontested election in 1952 as the Vice President of the newly-born Republic of India amply demonstrated the high esteem in which he was held throughout the country. This was a prelude to his election as the President of India on 13th May, 1962. As the Head of State, Dr. Radhakrishnan brought unique distinction to his high office. The Daily Telegraph of London paid a remarkable tribute to him on June, 1963 on the occasion of his visit to London:
“No living Head of State in the world approaches his intellectual distinction. In his writings he has been the outstanding interpreter to the West, of the thoughts of the East concerning the ultimate mystery of man. That such a man should have been elevated by a great people to the first place in its policy, rather than one immersed in the controversies of politics, is remarkable evidence that India sees society, of which the President is the supreme representative, as something greater than, and including, the State.“
- Thus, we find in a country contemporaneously swayed by the spiritual splendour of Sri Aurobindo, the intellectual effulgence of Rabindranath Tagore, the moral grandeur of Mahatma Gandhi and the political dynamism of Jawaharlal Nehru, Radhakrishnan emerging as a great cultural ambassador in his own right. The contributions of Dr. Radhakrishnan whether as an academician, or as a writer and speaker, or as a philosopher, or as a diplomat, or as the President, have been unique. But whatever the avocations, his activities have always centred round the values of Truth, Beauty and Goodness. Whether it was Montevideo, India or Paris, his voice was always raised in defence of the rights of man and the vindication of the principles which alone can assure peace. By speech and conducts, he sought to uphold those ideals which alone give grace and dignity to human life. The following advice which he gave to the alumni of the University at Banaras epitomises his desire for a new social order which alone can ensure material contentment and healthy growth:
“Wherever men love reason, shun darkness, turn over towards light, praise virtue, despise meanness, hate vulgarity, kindle sheer beauty, wherever minds are sensitive, hearts generous, spirits free, there is your country.“