A Miniature Sheet consisting of 4 nos. of postage stamp on the Golden Voices of Yesteryears :
Issued by India
Issued on May 15, 2003
Issued for : The Department of Posts is issuing a set of postage stamps to honour four such great legends of yesteryears: Kishore Kumar, Mukesh, Mohammed Rafi and Hemant Kumar.
Stamp & FDC : Sankha Samanta
Cancellation : Alka Sharma
Type : Miniature Sheet, Mint Condition
Watermark : No
Colour : Multicoloured
Denomination : 500 Paise each
Size : 9.00 x 10.50 cms.
Stamp Overall Size : 3.91 x 2.90 cms.
Stamp Print Size : 3.91 x 2.90 cms.
Perforation : 13.5 x 13.5 with elliptient hole on each 39.1 mm sides
Paper : Matt Chromo
Stamps Printed : 0.8 million
Miniature Sheet : 0.1 million
Number per issue sheet : 40
Printing Process : Photo Offset
Printer : Calcutta Security Printers Ltd.
- Film music is omnipresent in India. Songs in different languages, sung by talented singers and set to catchy tunes fill the urban and rural landscapes of the country, emanating from radio sets, public address systems and cassette players. They bring to the common man everything ranging from the classical to semi–classical mode, and folk music from different parts of the country to the new sounds of fusion. Marriage parties, political rallies, cultural functions – whatever be the occasion, the songs keep the gathering engaged for the most part. It is not surprising then, that film music is often described as the ‘folk music’ of the present generation.
- Songs are a crucial ingredient of Indian films. The allure of the films, even if they have melodramatic and escapist recipes, is often due to the songs. The technique of playback i.e. using a voice ‘double’ to sing for the actors has been in use since the 1930s. The popularity of the songs ensured that some of the singers went on to become cult figures and cultural icons.
- Kishore Kumar (1929 – 1987), singer, actor, composer and director, was one of the most versatile and loved personalities of the Indian film industry. His first Hindi song appeared in the film Ziddi (1948). Though he focussed on an acting career for a few years, the immensely popular songs of the film Aradhana (1969) marked his return as a play back singer much in demand. The yodelling style of Kishore Kumar had the entire nation cheering for him. His laughter and his tears interlaced his music. He was honoured with several awards, including eight Filmfare awards.
- Mukesh (1923 – 1976), with his mellifluous voice, captured the imagination of not just the Indian audience, but music lovers in many other parts of the world also with songs like Awara hoon…. and Mera joota hai japani…. He made his debut as a singing hero in the film Nirdosh (1941). The song Dil jalta hai to jalne de…. for the film Pahli Nazar (1945) established him as a prominent name in Indian Cinema. He also sang Ghazals, Bhajans and the Shri Ram Charit Manas in his unique style. Mukesh went on to win five Filmfare awards. He received the National award in 1974 for the best playback singer for his song Kai baar yun dekha hai…
- Mohammed Rafi (1924 – 1980) rose to prominence with Baiju Bawara’s Tu Ganga ki mauj, mai Jamuna ki dhara…. in the early fifties and became the favourite of many millions of music lovers throughout the country. Variety was Rafi’s forte and he had sung different genres of songs for almost all the music directors of his era. His style was smooth and easy and he could hold the melody unchanged even at a high pitch. His range could cover emotions from Bhajans to Ghazals to ‘Yahoo’. Rafi was adjudged the best playback singer by the National Film Awards Jury for the song Kya hua tera vaada…
- Hemant Kumar (1920 – 1989) was one of the most prolific singers of the 1950s & 60s. He was also an accomplished composer and added to Indian film music his interpretations of Rabindra Sangeet. He scored music for films such as Anandmath, Nagin, Kohraa and Bees Saal Baad. In Nagin he used the clavichord played by Kalyanji to reproduce the sound of the snake charmer’s been. The evergreen song Man dole mera tan dole… is one of the finest presentations by him. An integral part of the golden era of the Hindi film music, Hemant will be remembered forever for his melodies.
- Text : Based on material received from the proponents of the stamps.