Shaheed Laxman Nayak
A commemorative postage stamp on the Birth Anniversary of Saheed Laxman Naik, a tribal civil rights activist of South Odisha :
Issued by India
Issued on Mar 29, 1989
Description of Designs : The stamp is designed by India Security Press, Nashik Road, the first day cover by Sankha Samanta depicting Lexman Nayak leading, the Tribal uprising and the cancellation by Alka Sharma and Nenu Gupta.
Type : Stamp, Mint Condition
Colour : Multicolour
Denomination : 60 Paise
Overall size : 3.91 x 2.90 cms.
Printing size : 3.55 x 2.54 cms.
Perforation : 13 x 13
Paper : Indigenous unwatermarked P.G. coated gummed stamp paper
Number Printed : 10,00,000
Number per issue sheet : 35
Printing Process : Photogravure
Printed : India Security Press
Name : Laxman Naik
Born on Nov 22, 1899 at Tentuligumma, Koraput district, Orissa, India
Died on Mar 29, 1943 at Berhampur Jail, Orissa, India
- Laxman Nayak, a folk-hero of Orissa and a cult-figure among its tribals, was born on 22nd November, 1899 in Tentuliguma village of Koraput district and his father Padlam Nayak was a tribal chieftain and ‘Mustadar’ under ‘Jeypore Samasthanam’ in the then Madras Presidency.
- The local administration worked as an agent of the British Government. The tribals under this administration were treated like children of a lesser God and were subjected to inhuman torture and serfdom even by petty revenue officials, forest guards and police constables. Laxman Nayak organised the tribals against exploitation by the officials of Jeypore Samasthanam and its British masters successfully. This brought him recognition as a potential tribal leader and the National Congress admitted Laxman Nayak into its fold. During the course of his training in Naupat training centre for Congress workers, Laxman Nayak had the opportunity to meet and interact with several Zonal and State level leaders and get a chance to broaden his horizons. This training inculcated in him a spirit for Nationalism and indoctrinated him with the Gandhian principles of truth, nonviolence and peaceful non-cooperation with the British Government. He carried a Charkha, with the message of adult education and abstinence from alcohol, to every tribal household of his area and brought about a total change in the rural scenario. He became the Chef de mission in the Congress campaign in the Malkangiri Sub-division during the first ever election in 1936.
- However, greater things were in store for him. Responding to the call of Mahatma Gandhi, Laxman Nayak led a procession on 21st August 1942 and demonstrated peacefully in front of Mathili Police Station. But the police fired at the demonstrators indiscriminately, which claimed forty lives and more than two hundred were injured. But the administration further falsely implicated Laxman Nayak in a case of murder and the death sentence was pronounced on him on 13th November, 1942. He was hanged to death on 29th March, 1943 in Berhampur Jail.
- Nayak in Oriya means chief of a tribe, a leader and a hero. Laxman Nayak was all these and much more.
- Text Courtesy: Government of Orissa.