A commemorative postage stamp on Sumitra Nandan Pant, an Indian Hindi Chhayavaad poet, received Jnanpith Award 1968 :
Issued by India
Issued on Dec 23, 2015
Issued for : Department of Posts is happy to release a Commemorative Postage Stamp on Shri Sumitranandan Pant.
Stamp/FDC/Cancellation Cachet : Nenu Gupta
Type : Stamp, Mint Condition
Colour : Multi Colour
Denomination : 500 Paise
Stamps Printed : 0.3 Million
Printing Process : Wet Offset
Printer : Security Printing Press, Hyderabad
Name : Sumitranandan Pant
Born on May 20, 1900 at Kausani, Bageshwar, Uttarakhand, India
Died on Dec 28, 1977 at Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
- Sumitranandan Pant (May 20, 1900 – December 28, 1977) born in Kausani in Almora district of Uttarakhand, was one of the major literary figures of modern Hindi literature who founded the Chhayavaad format of Hindi poetry. His childhood name was Gusain Dutt. Shri Pant spent his childhood and adolescence in the picturesque Kumaon hills of Uttarakhand. Having finished his early education in Almora, he went to Queen’s College in Kashi (Varanasi) and then attended Prayag University where he spent some time and published his collections of poems “Veena” and “Pallav” under the name “Sumitranandan Pant”. It was shortly after Mahatma Gandhi’s call for Satyagraha Movement that Shri Pant went to Sri Aurobindo’s Ashram in Pondicherry and it was from that point onwards that he expanded his horizon and started writing in broader contexts. He was influenced by the progressive and philosophical writings of Shri Aurobindo and his essays and poems showed a philosophical touch under the influence of Shri Aurobindo.
- Sumitranandan Pant attained most of his literary achievements in Allahabad. His initial writings were published as Yugvani and Gramya. His poems were impressions of his thoughts on the then socio-political scenario and he drew inspiration from his scenic surroundings in Kumaon.
- Chhayavaad refers to the era of Neo-romanticism in Hindi Literature, particularly Hindi poetry (1917-1938) which was marked by an upsurge of romantic and humanist content. It saw a renewed sense of the self and personal expression which was visible in the writings of that time. Chhayavaad is known for its leaning towards themes of love and nature.
- Sumitranandan Pant had taken to poetry when he was just seven years old and was studying in the 4th grade. Having spent his childhood surrounded by natural beauty of the mountains and their flora and fauna; it was only natural for him to have been inspired by the beauty around him. His earlier works reflect a sublime touch of the scenic serenity. The period from 1907-1918 has been acknowledged by Shri Pant himself, as the first phase of his notable writing career. The poems that he wrote during this period have been compiled and published in “Veena” (1927).
- Shri Pant wrote mostly in Sanskritised Hindi. He authored twenty eight published works including poetry, verse plays and essays. Some of his prominent works are Chidambara, Veena, Pallav, Gunjan, Gramya, Yugant, Yugvani, Lokayatan, Kala aur Boodha Chand.
- ‘Chidambara’, a collection of his poems and writings is a virtual magnum opus with the imprints of natural beauty of hills writ large in each stanza. Even at a very young age the promise and potential he showed in his creativity was unmatched. His poetry epitomized the Indian thought of Satyam, Shivam, Sundaram. His eminence can be gauged from the fact that he was made a Fellow of the Sahitya Academy, way back in 1969, along with Shri C. Rajagopalachary. He also received the Nehru Peace Prize for International Understanding.
- Sumitranandan Pant was awarded the Jnanpith Award in 1968 for a collection of his most famous poems, “Chidambara”. He was awarded the Nehru Peace Prize by the Soviet Union for “Lokayatan” and the “Sahitya Kala Academy” award for “Kala aur Boodha Chand”. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1961. Sumitranandan Pant died on 28 December, 1977.
- Kausani, near Almora in Uttarakhand, has a museum called “Sumitranandan Pant Gallery” dedicated to the memory of this great poet and writer. This museum contains manuscripts of the poems written by Shri Pant, draft copies of his literary works, articles of his day-to-day use, the awards received by him and also the letters written by him and received by him.
- Text : Based on the material received from proponent.