A commemorative postage stamp on Matrusri Tarigonda Venkamamba (20 April 1730-21 Aug 1817), an Indian Telugu poet and yogini, a devotee of Lord Venkateswara in 18th century :
Issued by India
Issued on Apr 26, 2017
Stamp / First Day Cover / Brochure / Cancellation Cachet : Shri Brahm Prakash
Type : Stamp, Mint Condition
Colour : Multi Colour
Denomination : 500 Paise
Stamps Printed : 301590
Printing Process : Wet Offset
Printer : Security Printing Press, Hyderabad
Name : Tarigonda Vengamamba
Born on 20 Apr 1730 at Tarikonda village, Andhra Pradesh, India
Died on 21 Aug 1817 at Tirumala, Chittoor district, Andhra pradesh, India
- Vengamamba was born in the village Tarigonda over 100 kms from the famous temple town Tirumala in the Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh on the 20th April 1730. From her childhood she used to visit the Narasimhaswamy temple in the village. From her mother she learned many hymns and devotional songs, the rendering of which she spent most of her time.
- She was married at age eight. When she was to join her husband, she told him that she considered Lord Balaji (Venkateswara) as her husband and no one else. A few days afterwards that man died. She refused to consider herself as a widow and continued to dress as a married woman.
- Instructed by Acharya Subrahmanyudu she became a Yogini. She moved to Tirumala where she was welcomed by the priests and descendants of another great bhakta, Annamayya. Her reputation as a Yogini preceded her arrival in Tirumala Tirupati.
- Vengamamba did not go to any school; neither was she taught by any teacher. She became a great poetess. She composed a variety of devotional literature such as Vishnu Parijatham, Chenchu Natakam, Rukmini Natakam, Jala Krida Vilasam and Mukthi Kanthi Vilasam (all Yaksha Ganams), Gopi Natakam (Golla Kalapam – Yakshaganam), Rama Parinayam, Sri Bhagavatham, Sri Krishna Manjari, Tatva Keerthanalu and Vashista Ramayanam (Dwipada), Sri Venkataachala Mahatyam (Padya Prabhandam) and Ashtanga Yoga, Saram (Padyakruthi). Her literary works of many varieties were inscribed on thousands of palm-leaves. Vengamamba gave up her mortal remains in a Deeksha on 21 Aug 1817.
- Text : Based on the material received from proponent.