Yashwantrao Balwantrao Chavan
A commemorative postage stamp on Y. B. Chavan, 1st Chief Minister of Maharashtra (1960-62) and 5th Deputy Prime Minister of India (1979-80) :
Issued on Dec 22, 2010
Issued for : India Post is happy to issue a commemorative postage stamp on Yashwantrao Balwantrao Chavan.
Stamp/FDC/Cancellation : Alka Sharma
Type : Stamp, Mint condition
Colour : Multi colour
Denomination : 500 Paise
Stamps Printed : 0.3 Million
Printing Process : Photogravure
Printers : India Security Press, Nasik
Name : Yashwantrao Balwantrao Chavan
Born on Mar 12, 1913 at Devarashtre, Bombay Presidency, British India [now Satara, Maharashtra]
Died on Nov 25, 1984 at Delhi, India
- Shri Yashwantrao Balwantrao Chavan was born on 12 March 1913 in the village of Devarashtre in the erstwhile Satara district of Maharashtra. He lost his father when he was just 4 years old, and was brought up by his mother and elder brother. Graduating with History and Politics from Bombay University he also passed the L.L.B. exam. Shri Y.B. Chavan actively participated in the freedom movement and played a major role in the 1942 “Quit India” movement in Satara District. His political career took wings with his appointment as Parliamentary Secretary, in 1946, to the then Home Minister, Shri Morarji Desai. Soon he rose to become the Chief Minister of the bilingual state of Bombay, and then the first Chief Minister of Maharashtra, in 1960. Widely acknowledged as the architect of modern Maharashtra, Shri Y.B. Chavan laid the foundations of the Panchayat Raj with its distinctive three-tier structure of Zilla Parishads, Panchayat Samitis and Village Panchayats.
- In 1962 Shri Y.B. Chavan was called to Delhi by the the Prime Minister, Shri Jawahar Lal Nehru, to join the Central cabinet as Defence Minister. Subsequently, he held the high offices of Union Home Minister from 1966 to 1970, Union Finance Minister from 1970 to 1974 and the Union Foreign Minister from 1974 to 1977. For a brief period he also held the offices of Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister during the year 1979. He also served as Chairman of the 8th Finance Commission.
- Shri Y.B. Chavan was a voracious reader & his writings in Marathi also have a distinct literary quality. He wished to write his autobiography. However, only the first volume entitled “Krishna Kath” could be completed before he passed away on 25 November, 1984, after a brief illness.
- A freedom fighter who cherished the values of democracy, socialism, and secularism, Shri Y.B. Chavan‘s political career was testimony to the openness and dynamism of Indian democracy which saw a grassroots political worker rise to become a mature, sagacious and widely respected national leader.
- Text : Based on materials provided by the proponent.