A Miniature Sheet consisting of 10 nos. of commemorative postage stamp on the Indian Singing Legends :
Issued by India
Issued on Dec 30, 2016
Issued for : Department of Posts is happy to release a set of 10 commemorative postage stamps on Legendary Singers of India.
Stamp / FDC : Sankha Samanta
Cancellation Cachet : Alka Sharma
Type : Miniature Sheet, Mint Condition
Colour : Multi Colour
Denomination : 500 Paise each
Stamps Printed : 0.3 Million each
Miniature Sheet : 0.15 Million
Printing Process : Wet Offset
Printer : Security Printing Press, Hyderabad
- Shamshad Begum (14 April 1919 – 23 April 2013) was a popular personality who was one of the first playback singers in the Hindi film industry. She had a distinctive voice and was a versatile artist, who sang over 6,000 songs in Hindi and the Bengali, Marathi, Gujarati, Tamil and Punjabi languages. Her significant breakthrough came when she began singing on All India Radio (AIR) in Peshawar and Lahore from 1937. Soon after, she became a well known artist in the Hindi film industry and was at the peak of her career from 1940 to 1955 and again from 1957 to 1968. Shamshad Begum was an artist of extraordinary talent and abilities, and the songs she has left behind in her long career; continue to enthral music lovers even today.
- Geeta Dutt (23 November 1930 – 20 July 1972) was a prominent singer in the Hindi film industry who found particular prominence as a playback singer in Hindi cinema. She also sang many Bengali songs. She got her first break in 1946, in the mythological film Bhakta Prahlad. However, it was the film Do Bhai, in 1947, where her fresh and melodious voice combined vivacity and pathos in a way that touched the pulse of thousands of music lovers. Geeta Dutt was blessed with a rich voice that was like an interesting instrument that at once mesmerized and charmed her listeners. Geeta Dutt sang numerous songs some of which are extremely popular even today.
- Talat Mahmood (24 February 1924 – 9 May 1998) is considered one of the greatest male non-classical and semi-classical singers of the country who conquered innumerable hearts and stirred countless souls with his beautifully soft silken voice and profoundly artistic subtle method of singing. Even though he is particularly admired for his rendition of soft and somber semi-classical and non-classical ghazals, the film songs sung by him are also considered critically flawless and outstanding. Talat Mahmood was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1992, in recognition of his profound artistic contributions in the spheres of cinematic and ghazal music.
- Mohammed Rafi (24 December 1924 – 31 July 1980) was one of the most popular playback singers of the Hindi film industry. He was notable for his versatility and he sang a wide range of songs including classical numbers, patriotic songs, sad lamentations, highly romantic numbers, qawwalis, ghazals and bhajans. Between the years 1950 and 1970, Rafi was the most sought after singer in the Hindi film industry. His style was smooth and easy and his range varied from Bhajans and Ghazals to light hearted romantic songs including Yahoo. Mohammed Rafi was honoured with the Padma Shri in 1967.
- Mukesh (22 July 1923 – 27 August 1976) is known for his rendition of soulful and melodious songs and was one of Hindi film industry’s most celebrated figures in the field of playback singing. Mukesh Chand Mathur, popularly known as Mukesh created his own singing style. He delivered many songs which became popular when he sang for films like Anokhi Ada (1948), Mela (1948), Andaz (1949). Mukesh is best known for the songs that he sung for actor Raj Kapoor. He remained active as a singer for two decades spanning the 1950s to 1970s which saw the rise of the man who is immortalized in the pages of playback singing. Mukesh received Filmfare Best Male Playback Singer awards for films ‘Anari’, ‘Pehchan’, ‘Beimaan’ and ‘Kabhie Kabhie’.
- Manna Dey (1 May 1919 – 24 October 2013), a legendary figure in Indian music, started his career in playback singing with the film Tamanna in 1942. Manna Dey established his versatility between 1948 to 1954 by singing not only classical based film songs but also such film songs which were a fusion of Indian classical music and pop music. His experimentation with western music too produced many unforgettable melodies resulting in an increase in singing offers in films from 1955. He had begun singing ghazals in Hindi films from 1953. He turned into an independent music composer in Hindi films with Maha Pooja in 1954. His peak period in Hindi film industry is considered to be from 1953 to 1969 where he is said to have recorded 758 Hindi songs of which 631 came between 1957 and 1969. His music has enthralled the audience throughout the world. He was honoured with the Padma Shri in 1971, the Padma Bhushan in 2005, and the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 2007.
- Kishore Kumar (4 August 1929 – 13 October 1987) was an Indian film playback singer, actor, lyricist, composer, producer, director, and screenwriter. He is considered one of the most successful playback singers of the Hindi film industry. Apart from Hindi, he sang in many Indian languages including Bengali, Marathi, Assamese, Gujarati, Kannada, Bhojpuri, Malayalam, Odia, and Urdu. He was famous for singing upbeat light songs, and light comical acting roles. Kishore was not afraid to borrow unusual techniques. He was inspired by “yodeling” and he adapted and used it in a number of films, such as “New Delhi” (1957) and “Pyar Ka Mausam” (1969).
- Hemant Kumar (16 June 1920 – 26 September 1989) was a singer, composer, and producer in the Hindi and Bengali film industry. Even though he is most known for his hindi film songs from the 1950’s and 1960’s, he also sang in Bengali, and other Indian languages. He is known to have recorded approximately 2000 songs during his career. Hemant Kumar’s first film song was in the Bengali film Nimai Sanyas released in 1941 and his first compositions for himself were the Bengali non-film songs “Katha Kayonako Shudhu Shono” and “Amar Biraha Akashe Priya” in 1944. His first Hindi film songs were in Irada in 1944. He is considered a foremost exponent of Rabindra Sangeet. In the hindi film industry he is known for his work in the films Bees Saal Baad (1962), Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam (1962) and Anupama (1966).
- T. M. Soundararajan (24 March 1922 – 25 May 2013), popularly known as TMS, was a playback singer in Tamil films for over six decades. He sang over 20,000 film songs and over 3,000 devotional and classical songs. In a career spanning over 6 decades he recorded film songs in eleven languages including, Tamil, Kannada, Telugu, Hindi, Malayalam and other Indian languages. He also composed music for several of the ever green devotional songs that were recorded. He was the most popular male playback singer in South India from the 1950s until 1991. His robust and full-throated singing perfectly suited two mega stars of South Indian Cinema – M. G. Ramachandran and Sivaji Ganesan, who had their roots in Tamil theatre. A versatile singer, he modulated his voice to suit the two stars perfectly. He also acted in a few films.
- Dr. Bhupen Hazarika (8 September 1926 – 5 November 2011) was a poet, music composer, singer, actor, journalist, author and film-maker of high repute born in Assam. Bhupen Hazarika began his career in films as a child actor in the second talkie film to be made in the pioneering years of 1939, Indramalati. After completing his education and leaving his job as a teacher, he went to Kolkata where he established himself as a successful music director and singer. During that period, he made several award winning Assamese films such as Shakuntala, Pratidhwani, etc. and composed evergreen music for many Assamese films. He was also considered as a trend setter in Bengali music. As a singer, he was known for his baritone voice and diction; as a lyricist, he was known for poetic compositions and parables which touched on themes ranging from romance to social and political commentary; and as a composer, for his use of folk music. Ek Pal (1986), Rudaali (1993) and Daman: A Victim of Martial Violence (2001) are some major hindi films to his credit. Bhupen Hazarika also composed music for films from Bangladesh which got international acclaim. He was awarded the Padamshree in 1977 for his outstanding contribution to the field of culture in India.
- Text : Based on the material available on Internet.