A commemorative postage stamp on the 20th World Poultry Congress, New Delhi – Gallus Gallus Linn. (Red Jungle Fowl Cockerel) :
Issued on Sep 2, 1996
Issued for : The Department of Post is happy to bring out a commemorative postage stamp on the occasion of holding of XX World’s Poultry Congress in India.
Designed by : R. Sukumar
Type : Stamp, Postal Used
Watermark : No
Colour : Multicolour
Denomination : 500 Paise
Printers : Calcutta Security Press
- The World Poultry Science Association (India Branch) is organising the XX World Poultry Congress, and International Poultry Exhibition, between 2nd to 8th September 1996 at New Delhi, India. The previous two Congresses were held in Japan in 1988 and in Holland in 1992. This Congress was twentieth in the series of such Congresses.
- The modernisation of the poultry industry in the last three decades has put India among the world’s top egg producers. The selection of India is significant in the present context. The earliest recorded existence of the modern poultry species, is traced back to the Indian Red Jungle Fowl. Rensch (1932) and others had deduced that India was the original centre of domestication. The Indian species Gallus gallus murghi is considered the true ancestor of the domestic fowl. The earliest records of the domesticated jungle fowl are found in the Harappa and Mohenjo–Daro civilization going back to 2500 BC.
- The Indian Red Jungle Fowl is mostly confined to the northern and eastern part of the country and the grey variety to western and southern parts. An endangered species, it has been successfully bred in captivity at the National Zoological Park in New Delhi. Desi breeds in India include Aseel, Delhi. Desi breeds in India include Aseel, Chittagong and Ghagus. Aseel is an aggressive bird. Pure specimen of this breed is now rare and available only in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Uttar Pradesh.
- India’s poultry exports were poised for a major breakthrough with the value of exports targeted at Rs. 200 crores by 1996. A number of export oriented egg and poultry processing projects were already in operation. The livestock sector had enormous potential to improve the socio-economic, status of the rural population, particularly the land less.