A commemorative postage stamp on the Diamond Jubilee of CBI (Central Bureau of Investigation), the Indian domestic crime investigating agency :
Issued by India
Issued on Apr 3, 2023
Issued for : Department of Posts is pleased to issue Commemorative Postage Stamp on Diamond Jubilee of Central Bureau of Investigation and salute its contribution in preserving values in public life and ensuring the health of the national economy.
Stamp/FDC/Brochure : Sh. Brahm Prakash
Cancellation Cachet : Smt. Nenu Gupta
Type : Stamp, Mint Condition
Colour : Multi Colour
Denomination : 500 Paise
Stamps Printed : 301700
Printing Process : Wet Offset
Printer : Security Printing Press, Hyderabad
- The Central Bureau of Investigation traces its origin from the Special Police Establishment which was set up in 1941 by Government of India to investigate cases of bribery and corruption in transactions concerned with the War & Supply Department of India during World War-II.
- During the early stages of World War-II, the then Government of India realized that the enormously expanded expenditure for purposes connected with the war had brought about a situation in which unscrupulous and antisocial persons, both officials and non-officials, were enriching themselves dishonestly at the cost of the public and the government. The Police and other Law Enforcement Agencies, functioning under the State Governments, were found inadequate to cope with this challenge. Accordingly, it became necessary to set up a separate organization to investigate offences connected with these transactions. Vide an executive order, an organization i.e. Special Police Establishment (S.P.E.), was created by the Government of India in 1941. This organization was to be headed by a Deputy Inspector General of Police.
- The SPE was mandated to investigate cases of bribery and corruption in transactions concerned with the War and Supply Department of the Government of India and its superintendence was vested in the then War & Supply Department.
- Towards the end of 1942, the activities of the SPE were extended to include cases of corruption in the Railways, which was strategically concerned with the movement and supply of war material.
- As the need for a Central Government agency to investigate cases of bribery and corruption by Central Government employees was felt even after the end of the war, Delhi Special Police Establishment Act was enacted in 1946. This Act transferred the superintendence of the SPE to the Home Department and its functions were enlarged to cover all departments of the Government of India. The jurisdiction of the SPE, which extended to all the Union Territories, could now be extended to the States with the consent of the concerned State Government.
- Central Bureau of Investigation was established on 01.04.1963 vide resolution of Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India with the DSPE as one of its Divisions. Initially the offences that were notified by the Central Government related only to corruption by Central Government servants. In due course, with the setting up of a large number of public sector undertakings, the employees of these undertakings were also brought under the purview of CBI. Similarly, with the Nationalization of the Banks in 1969, the Public Sector Banks and their employees also came within its ambit.
- Beginning 1965, the CBI has also been entrusted with the investigation of Economic Offences and important conventional crimes such as murders, kidnapping, terrorist crimes, etc., on a selective basis.
- Over the years, the CBI has grown into a multi-faceted, multi-disciplinary and multi-dimensional investigating agency mainly entrusted with the following functions:
- Enquiry and investigation of cases
- Prosecution of CBI investigated case
- Preventive vigilance functions
- National Central Bureau – India connected with International Criminal Police Organization (ICPO) and
- Coordination, Training and Research
- Today, this agency has a broad jurisdiction that extends to cases related to corruption, economic offences, bank frauds, financial crimes, organized crime, wild life related offences, human trafficking, smuggling of Arts & Antiquities, cyber offences and other major crimes.
- CBI also acts as the National Central Bureau i.e. Interpol India. It functions as the focal point for Indian Law Enforcement Agencies as well as Foreign Law Enforcement Agencies basis seeking and providing informal assistance of Police to Police operation.
- CBI also acts as nodal authority to receive and respond to all requests for assistance in the matters relating to United Nations Convention on Transnational Organized Crimes (UNTOC) and the supplementary protocols thereto.
- In last 60 years of its existence, CBI has gained reputation as a highly professional investigation agency, enjoying confidence of the executive, legislative, judiciary and the common man alike.
- Text : Based on information provided by the proponent.