Endemic Butterflies of Andaman & Nicobar Islands
A Miniature Sheet consisting of 4 nos of commemorative postage stamps on the Endemic Butterflies of Andaman & Nicobar Islands : Papilio mayo (male and female) and Pachliopta rhodifer (male and female) :
Issued by India
Issued on Jan 2, 2008
Issued for : The Department of Posts is happy to issue a set of postage stamps on endemic butterflies of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Stamp & FDC : Suresh Kumar
Cancellation : Alka Sharma
Type : Miniature Sheet, Mint Condition
Colour : Multi colour
Denomination : 500 paise each
Stamps Printed : 3.0 Million each
Miniature Sheet : 0.2 Million
Printing Process : Photogravure
Printer : India Security Press, Nasik
- The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are blessed with rich butterfly fauna due to presence of humid tropical rainforest. The long isolation of these islands and their relatively undisturbed ecology provides scope for the evolution of many endemic varieties. The butterfly fauna of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands has a high degree of endemism, they are very unique.
- Some of the endemic butterflies are : Andaman Mormon, Andaman Club Tail, Andaman Oak Leaf, Tailless Oak Blue and Andaman Snow Flat; Nicobar Yeoman and Nicobar Map. These butterflies are very specific to their food plants. The butterflies have been provided protection by the Government of India under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and a few butterflies of Andaman and Nicobar islands are listed in Schedule I, II and III and in the Red Data book of International Union for the Conservation (IUCN). There is urgent need to draw the national attention on conservation and protection of endemic butterflies of these islands. This set of stamps portrays two endemic butterflies, Andaman Mormon (Papilio mayo) and Andaman Club Tail (Pachliopta rhodifer).
- Andaman Mormon (Papilio mayo)
- Andaman Mormon was the first endemic butterfly described from Andaman Islands. The wing expanse of male is 120 mm while that of female is 150 mm. The body is black in both sexes. Male has black upper side; forewing without internervular streak, hind wing without tail, antediscal broad blue band, underside black; fore wing with basal red streak and obscure internervular veins; hind wing with red patch, a complete red ocellus, submarginal blue lunular spots; posterior ones less prominent. The female has fore wing with broad internervular streaks; white in the discal area. Hind wing is interrupted by an oval black sport and by a broad elongated black patch, apical half of tail is red whitish at apex. Its food plant is citrus plant of climbing vine. This endemic species is not rare in Andamans but females are very difficult to sight. This is a forest species which inhabits North to South Andamans. It resembles Great Mormon and is also mimic to Andaman Clubtail.
- Andaman Club Tail (Pachliopta rhodifer)
- Wing expanse of male 120mm while that of female is 140mm. The body of the male is red upper side black; forewing has pale streaks extending upto apex of cell; hind wing are more crimson red; hind wing upper side dusted with black scales, discal more extensive; antediscal spot extends well below vein. The female is mimic to female of Andaman Mormon and flies slowly together in forest paths. This endemic species used to be very common in 80’s in South Andamans but now a days it is rarely sighted. Its food plant is Thotia tomentosa.
- Text : Based on material provided by the proponent.