Karmavir Nabin Chandra Bardoloi
A commemorative postage stamp on the Birth Centenary of Karmaveer Nabin Chandra Bordoloi, an Indian Assamese writer, politician and freedom fighter :
Issued on Nov 3, 1975
Issued for : The Posts and Telegraphs Department is privileged to issue a commemorative stamp in honour of this illustrious son of India.
Type : Stamp, Postal Used
Colour : Burnt Sienna
Denomination : 25 Paise
Overall size : 3.91 X 2.90 cms.
Printing size : 3.56 X 2.54 cms.
Watermark : Printed on unwatermarked adhesive stamp paper
Number printed : 30,00,000
Number per issue sheet :35
Printing process : Photogravure
Designed and printed at : India Security Press
Name : Nabin Chandra Bardoloi
Born on Nov 3, 1875 at North Gauhati, Kamrup, Assam, India
Died on Feb 15, 1936
- Nabin Chandra Bardoloi was born in North Gauhati in Kamrup District on November 3, 1875. His father, Madhab Chandra Bardoloi, was a Sub-Divisional Magistrate under the Assam Government. He obtained his B.A. Degree from the Presidency College, Calcutta and the Law Degree from the Ripon College of Calcutta University in 1900. Although he had ample opportunity to join government service, he decided to join the Bar and enter politics. He joined the Bar in his home town at Gauhati. Later, he enrolled himself as an Advocate of the Calcutta High Court where he practised from 1908 to 1918.
- Bardoloi started his political life as a member of the Assam Association. He was elected its President in 1914. He was deputed to England by the Association in 1919 to plead the cause of Assam before the Joint Parliamentary Committee for Assam‘s inclusion in the Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms Scheme. He returned successful and gained in prestige and popularity.
- Soon after, in 1920, Bardoloi attended the Nagpur Session of the Indian National Congress. He took interest in organising the Assam Branch of the Indian National Congress in 1921 and was elected its first General Secretary. When the Non-cooperation Movement was started, Bardoloi became one of its pioneers in Assam and carried the message of Mahatma Gandhi to every nook and corner of the province. He was sentenced to 18 months’ rigorous imprisonment in 1921 in connection with the Non-cooperation Movement. After release, he devoted himself to the propagation of Khadi. In 1926, he became the General Secretary of the Reception Committee of the Pandu Session of the Indian National Congress.
- Bardoloi was a Member of the Assam Legislative Council which he resigned on the Congress Mandate. In 1932. he was elected President of the Gauhati District Congress Committee. The same year, he was sentenced to three months’ rigorous imprisonment in addition to a fine of Rs. 100 for hoisting the Congress Flag on the All-India Congress Day. In 1934, he was elected Member of the Central Legislative Assembly and moved a resolution for the release of Sarat Chandra Bose on the opening day of the Central Assembly. As Chairman of the Gauhati Local Board, he undertook several programmes for the uplift of rural population. He breathed his last on February 15, 1936.
- A popular figure in the public life of Assam, Bardoloi was known for his patriotism and zeal for constructive work. He was associated with a large number of social, cultural and educational institutions such as Cotton College and the Earle Law College in Gauhati. He took special interest in Khadi work and was appointed by Mahatma Gandhi as the convener of the Pradesh Branch of the All–India Spinners Association. He was an earnest supporter of Anti–Untouchability Movement started by Mahatma Gandhi. He hated casteism from the core of his heart. He was a forceful and emotional orator and debater and was also an eminent writer in Assamese literature. He was a great sportsman and a good musician and composed a good number of patriotic poems and songs.