Indian National Mathematics Day 2012
A commemorative postage stamp on 125th Birth Anniversary of Srinivasa Ramanujan, the great Indian mathematician from Tamil Nadu :
Issued by India
Issued on Dec 22, 2012
Issued for : India Post is happy to issue a Commemorative Postage Stamp on National Mathematics Day.
Stamp/FDC/Brochure/cancellation : Alka Sharma
Type : Stamp, Mint Condition
Colour : Multi colour
Denomination : 500 Paise
Stamps Printed : 0.3 Million
Printing Process : Wet Offset
Printer : India Security Press, Nashik
- Mathematics can be described as the study of quantity, numbers and space. In many ways, mathematics can be regarded as the mother science. Mathematics is an essential tool in many fields, including natural science, engineering, medicine, and the social sciences. Applied mathematics, the branch of mathematics concerned with application of mathematical knowledge to other fields such as physics, economics and biology, inspires and makes use of new mathematical discoveries and has also led to the development of entirely new mathematical disciplines, such as statistics and game theory.
- The national workshop on Ancient Indian Mathematics with special reference to Vedic Mathematics and Astronomy, passed a resolution on 25th September, 2010 recommending that 22nd December i.e. the birth anniversary of mathematics legend Srinivasa Ramanujan be observed as ‘National Mathematics Day‘ every year. The Government of India has since resolved to celebrate the said day, as the National Mathematics Day every year so as to focus the attention of people to mathematics education and its applications. National Mathematics Day is dedicated to Srinivasa Ramanujan (22nd December, 1887 – 26th April, 1920) an Indian mathematician and autodidact, who with almost no formal training in pure mathematics, made substantial contribution to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series and continued fractions. Ramanujan is placed in the same league as legendary mathematicians such as Euler, Gauss, Newton and Archimedes.
- Born and raised in Erode, Tamil Nadu, Ramanujan first encountered formal mathematics at the age of 10, demonstrated a natural ability and mastered books on advanced trigonometry and even discovered theorems of his own. By 17, he conducted his own mathematical research on Bernoulli numbers and the Euler-Mascheroni constant. In 1912-1913, he sent samples of his theorems to three academics at the ‘University of Cambridge‘. Only G.H. Hardy recognized the brilliance of his work subsequently inviting him to visit and work with him at Cambridge.
- During his short lifetime, he independently compiled nearly 3900 results, both original and highly unconventional, such as the Ramanujan Prime and the Ramanujan Theta Function that inspired a vast amount of further research. Recently, his formulae have found applications in crystallography and string theory. The Ramanujan Journal, an international publication, was
launched to publish work in all areas of mathematics influenced by his work.
- The 125th birth anniversary celebrations of Ramanujan commenced on 22nd December, 2011 and would be closing on the 22nd December, 2012. Celebration of National Mathematics Day every year will connect Ramanujan‘s life and work to the people of India and thereby inspire a large section of young Indians. The year 2012 is being celebrated as the National Mathematical Year.
- Text : Based on the material received from the proponent.