Raja Rammohan Roy

A commemorative postage stamp on Raja Rammohun Roy :

406 Raja Rammohun Roy [India Stamp 1964]Issued by India

Issued on Sep 27, 1964

Issued for : In memory of a great personality who has been aptly referred to as the Father of modern India, the P & T Department is issuing a special commemorative stamp on the 27th September, 1964, which falls on his death anniversary.

Picture : Raja Rammohun Roy

Type : Stamp, Mint Condition

Watermark : Yes (Ashokan)

Colour : Brown

Denomination : 15 Naye Paise

Perforation : 13 x 13½

Stamps Printed : 2.5 Million in sheets of 112

Printing Process : Photogravure

Printers : India Security Press

Name : Raja Ram Mohan Roy

Born on May 22, 1772 at Radhanagore, Hooghly, West Bengal, India

Died on Sep 27, 1833 at Stapleton, Bristol, United Kingdom

About : 

  • Raja Rammohun Roy occupies a distinguished place among the builders of modern India. In the words of Miss Collett, his English biographer – ….Rammohun stands a history as a bridge over which India marches from her measured past to her incalculable future. He was the arch which spanned the gulf that yawned between superstition and science, between despotism and democracy, between immobile custom and a conservative progress, between a bewildering polytheism and a lure, if vague, theism. 
  • Rammohun Roy was born on May 22, 1772 in an orthodox Brahmin family at Radhanagar in the Hooghly District of Bengal. He was a precocious child and possessed an inquisitive and philosophical bent of mind. In addition to his native Bengali he became a scholar in Sanskrit, Persian, and Arabic, quite early in life and was deeply versed in Indian thought and philosophy. Fifteen years before Rammohun Roy’s birth, Britain had won the Battle of Plassey in 1757, and since then British power was expanding slowly all over India. The coming of the British to India, brought with it a new culture, the western culture, in our midst. Rammohun Roy’s curious and adventurous spirit led him to find out what their cultural roots were. He learnt English and, not being content, he studied Greek, Hebrew and Latin to discover the sources of the religion and culture of the west. It was his vast learning and deep understanding of the cultures and religions of the East as well as the West that prompted him to establish the Brahmo Samaj whose approach to religion was, indeed, very cosmopolitan. In the thirties he wrote a treatise in Persian entitled TuhaftUlMuwahiddin (A Gift to Monotheists) in which he preached the unity of God and argued that the natural tendency in all religions was towards monotheism.
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  • He was a life-long campaigner for the abolition of the practice of Satiimmolation of widows on the funeral pyres of their dead husbands. This practice, though never widespread in India, was totally prohibited by Law in 1829, due to the untiring efforts of Rammohun Roy. His crusading spirit also touched on many other aspects of social reform. He campaigned for female education and property rights for women. He was a powerful advocate of widow remarriage. His dynamic and persuasive personality attracted kindred spirits and in 1814 he formed the ‘Atmiya Sabha’, an inner circle of aristocrats and the new middle class liberals for intellectual discussions. In 1828, he founded the ‘Brhamo Samaj’ where people belonging to all religions could worship God in a cosmopolitan house of prayer. In his ‘Discovery of India‘, Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru says that Raja Rammohun Roy was one of the founders of the Indian Press. Rammohun Roy was associated with several newspapers. He brought out a bilingual BengaliEnglish magazine, and later desiring an AllIndia circulation, he published a weekly in Persian. Feat though the Raja’s services were in the cause of social and religious reforms, his claim to an eminent place in the Indian history also rests on the fact that he was the originator of the first secular movement in India. He was the most ablest and progressive Indian politician of his time and his patriotism was based on the doctrine of the solidarity of the whole of Humanity. His intense love of liberty was the mainspring of all his political opinions. He was also the first constitutional agitator in this country and drew up a memorial to the Supreme Court and a Petition to the KinginCouncil against the Press Ordinance passed in 1823. Raja Rammohun Roy went to England as an envoy of the Emperor of Delhi in 1830 and died there on the 27th September 1833.

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