India on Charlie Chaplin
A commemorative postage stamp on the Birth Anniversary of Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin, an English comic actor, filmmaker and composer from silent film era :
Issued on Apr 16, 1978
Issued for : The P & T Department feels privileged to issue a commemorative stamp in honour of Charlie Chaplin – an international personality.
Type : Stamp, Postal Used
Colour : Multicolour
Denomination : 25 Paise
Overall size : 3.91 X 2.90 cms.
Printing size : 3.55 X 2.54 cms.
Perforation : 13 X 13
Watermark : Printed on unwater–marked adhesive stamp paper
Number printed : 30,00,000
Number per issue sheet : 35
Printing process : Photogravure
Designed and printed at : India Security Press
Name : Charles Spencer Chaplin (Charlie)
Born on Apr 16, 1889 at Walworth, London, United Kingdom
Died on Dec 25, 1977 at Corsier–sur–Vevey, Vaud, Switzerland
- Charles Spencer Chaplin‘s much-imitated but essentially inimitable style of comedy made him one of the most celebrated figures in the world of entertainment.
- Born in London on April 16, 1889, Charlie Chaplin was the son of an alcoholic vaudevillian who sporadically supported his estranged wife and two children. His mother lost her sanity under the strain of penury and Chaplin, six years old, was tossed into the nightmare world of workhouses and schools for destitute children. He survived with an understanding of poverty and a strong social consciousness that operated in all his best films.
- At an early age he started performing professionally as one of the Eight Lancashire Lads, a clog-dancing group and later he began playing small comic roles on the London stage, finally landing a place with the celebrated Karno troupe. By the age of 21, when the troupe toured America, Chaplin was already a music-hall star. Three years later, in 1913, Chaplin went to work at Keystone studios for $150 a week.
- Much of Chaplin‘s inspiration came from the baggy pants, undersized coat and oversized shoes he sported in his early roles at Keystone. He added a moustache to conceal his youth. He explained later, “I had no idea of the character. But the moment I was dressed, the clothes and the make-up made me feel the person he was. I began to know him and by the time I walked on to the stage, he was fully born“.
- Some of his great films were “The Tramp” (1915), “Shoulder Arms” (1918), “The Kid” (1920) and “Gold Rush” (1925). In “Modern Times” (1936) he attained his peak in his sublime subjugation by a huge, mindless factory machine. “The Great Dictator” (1940) was to ridicule Hitler in the touchy time before America entered World War II. During the post-war years, came “Monsieur Verdoux” (1947), “Limelight” (1952) and “A King in New York” (1957).
- At 76, Chaplin returned to the cameras once more, directing Sophia Loren and Marlon Brando in “A Countess from Hong Kong“.
- Six years later, Chaplin finally got the recognition he deserved from Hollywood. In awarding him an honorary Oscar, the Motion Picture Academy cited “the incalculable effect he has had in making motion pictures the art form of this century“. In 1975, he was knighted by Queen Elizabeth.
- His death in his sleep on Christmas day, 1977, – peaceful and calm, according to his physician – was befitting his role on the screen. He had many times earlier made an exit from life’s troubles as the Little Tramp, hitching up his pants, shuffling toward the horizon.