India on Project Tiger 1983
A commemorative postage stamp on the 10 years of Project Tiger, an Indian tiger conservation programme launched in April 1973 :
Issued by India
Issued on Nov 22, 1983
Type : Stamp, Postal Used
Colour : Multicolour
Denomination : 200 Paise
Printed at : India Security Press
- Project Tiger is not just a programme for protecting the tiger. It cannot be, because it seeks to protect the tiger in its natural environment. Tiger depends for food on herbivores like the deer who sustain upon plants. The plants depend upon soil, which is formed and nursed by the decay of animal and plant residues. Countless insects and micro-organisms participate in this process of decay. Further, all plants and animals from elephant to bacteria must have water. Perennial availability of water, however, depends upon good vegetative cover in the river catchments, because plants not only bind the soil by their roots but also contribute ‘humus‘ to it, which makes it fertile and porous. As rain water seeps through the porous soil it gets trapped in rock cavities and accounts for the dry season discharge in streams and wells. So, in order to protect the tiger in its natural environment, comprehensive protection of the wilderness is essential. This precisely is the thrust of Project Tiger.
- From the cold high altitude forests to the steaming coastal mangroves of Sunder-bans, from the scorched arids of the west to the lush evergreens in the south and from the terai swamps to the peninsular high lands, the striped feline is very much at home. Indeed, therefore, the well being of tiger in the Indian forests can be taken as an index of the ecological health of our wilderness. Moreover, because wilderness qualitatively and quantitatively safeguards the life support systems e.g. soil, water and air, the status of the tiger can also be correlated to the quality of human environment. This wide distribution and its special position in nature, have earned it the status of the national animal.