The Vellore Mutiny, 1806
A commemorative postage stamp on the Bicentenary of the Vellore Sepoy Mutiny, first instance of a large-scale and violent mutiny by Indian sepoys against the East India Company, much before Indian Rebellion of 1857 :
Issued by India
Issued on Jul 10, 2006
Type : Stamp, Mint Condition
Colour : Multi Colour
Denomination : 500 Paise
Stamps Printed : 0.8 Million
Printing Process : Wet Offset
Printer : Security Printing Press, Hyderabad
- Seeking to expand their sphere of influence and control in India, the British maintained an army that, right up to 1857, was composed largely of Indians, or natives as they were called. Yet the British were strangely insensitive to the cultural and religious sensibilities of the Hindu and Muslim soldiers serving under them.
- Resentment against the British highhandedness in the matter of enforcing the army uniform regulations and the brutal reprisals against voicing of any protest found expression in an attempt by the Indian soldiers to prop up the Mysore royal family, which had fought the British so valiantly. Thus it was that on the morning of 10th July, 1806, the Indian soldiers at Vellore rose in revolt against the British, killing some army officers and taking control of the arms and ammunition. They hoisted the royal tiger flag of Tipu Sultan over Vellore Fort, pulling down the Union Jack of the British, and declared Tipu Sultan‘s second son, Fateh Hyder, as king.
- However, reinforcements from Ranipet, led by Colonel Gillespie, arrived within a few hours and the mutiny was suppressed by the British. It is said that over 800 soldiers were killed inside the fort and 17 Indian officers hanged outside it, by the British, while many more men were kept imprisoned in Vellore and Tiruchirapalli prisons following the revolt.
- This spontaneous uprising of the Indian soldiers in Vellore Fort on 10th July 1806 was among the early manifestations of resistance to British rule in India.