Dr. Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya
A commemorative postage stamp on the Death Anniversary of Dr. Pattavi Sitaramaya, a politician from Andhra Pradesh, presidential candidate of Indian National Congress (closer to Mahatma Gandhi), against Netaji Subash Chandra Bose in 1939 Tripuri Session and lost :
Issued by India
Issued on Dec 17, 1997
Issued for : The Department of Post is pleased to issue a commemorative stamp on Dr. B. Pattabhi Sitaramayya.
Stamp, F.D.C. : Based on the material by the sponsor.
Cancellation : Alka Sharma
Type : Stamp, Mint Condition
Colour : Single Colour
Denomination : 200 Paise
Overall size : 3.91 x 2.90 cms.
Printing size : 3.55 x 2.54 cms.
Perforation : 13 x 13
Paper : Imported un w/m Adhesive Gravure Coated Stamp Paper in reels 47 cms.
Stamps Printing : 0.4 Million
Number per issue sheet : 35
Printing Process : Photogravure
Printer : India Security Press, Nasik
Name : Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya
Born on Nov 24, 1880 at Gundugolanu , Krishna district, Madras Presidency, British India [now West Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh]
Died on Dec 17, 1959 at Hyderabad, Telangana, India
- Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya was born on November, 24th 1880 in Gundugolanu Village, West Godavari District in Andhra Pradesh. Born in Poverty, Dr. Pattabhi came up in life through sheer perseverance. He completed his studies with the help of ‘scholarship’.
- Pattabhi passed BA degree in Madras Christian College and fulfilled his ambition to become a medical practitioner by securing M.B.C.M. Degree. He chose Machilipatnam, a coastal town in Andhra Pradesh to practice as a doctor. Later Dr. Pattabhi relinquished his lucrative practice to participate in the National Movement. Dr. Pattabhi established Andhra Jateeya Kalasala in 1910. Dr. Pattabhi was the Editor of Krishna Patrika from 1908 to 1911. He had evolved and developed a style of his own in English and Telugu. In 1919, he started an English Journal ‘Janmabhoomi’ to propagate Gandhian ideology. Janmabhoomi brought the journalistic talents of Dr. Pattabhi into limelight all over the country and Pandit Motilal Nehru invited Dr. Pattabhi to edit his journal ‘Independent’ published from Allahabad. Dr. Pattabhi Sitaramayya established Andhra Bank on 28th November, 1923 with the ideal of leaving the farming community.
- Dr. Pattabhi also established a number of other institutions in tune with national aspirations of self reliance such as Krishna Cooperative Central Bank in 1915, Andhra Insurance Company (first Insurance Company in Andhra) in 1925, Vadlamannadu Land Mortgage Bank in 1927, Bharat Laxmi Bank Ltd. in 1929 and Hindustan Ideal Insurance Company in 1935. Dr. Pattabhi suffered imprisonment for 7 years on various occasions during National Movement such as Salt Satyagraha (1930), Civil Disobedience (1932), Individual Satyagraha and Quit India Movement (1942). He authored many books, the most noteworthy being, ‘History of the Indian National Congress‘ Dr. Pattabhi worked as a member of Constituent Assembly, Rules Committee, Union Powers Committee, Provincial Constitution Committee etc. He was elected President of Congress in 1948. He served as Governor of Madhya Pradesh from 1952 to 1957. Settled at Hyderabad after relinquishing the Governorship, Dr. Pattabhi passed away on December 17, 1959.
- In the words of our first President Dr. Rajendra Prasad “Dr. Pattabhi Sitaramayya is not merely a prominent freedom fighter but also a striking personality of sharp intellectual faculties. I had spent days with him reading the ‘History of the Indian National Congress’ which he had written in connection with the Golden Jubilee of the Indian National Congress. It was then I had realised how strong his memory was. I realised then how knowledgeable he had been about men and affairs connected with the Congress for the past fifty years and the various incidents which helped bringing its activities into focus.
- He had endeavoured heartily to organise the people’s movements in the Princely States. He had evinced great interest in Gandhiji‘s constructive programme, particularly in Charkha and basic education. Dr. Pattabhi is one of the front rank leaders of the Nation. I am sure that his example will inspire the youth in the service of the Nation.“
- Text : Based on the material by the sponsor.